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Unformatted text preview: ] and other duties, like
setting prices and regulating distribution. RRD Administration & Fuel Administration
– Regulated their respective industries, fuel
administration rationed gasoline as well.
Boom Years for Farmers and Industry – One of
the positive results of war production was that it
allowed farmers to get mechanized [due to high
demand and high prices] and led to great growth
in some industries.
Errors & Fuel Shortages – On the negative side,
there were mistakes made due to the hectic pace
of production and distribution, and there was a
severe coal shortage which left many w/o heat in
Inflation – Increased buying [more demand than
supply], liberal credit policies, and the setting of
prices on raw materials rather than on finished
products led to skyrocketing prices.
New Tax Policies – To pay for the war, taxes went
up through laws like the Revenue Act of 1916
186 [raised tax on high incomes and corporate profits,
added tax on large estates, and increased the tax
on munitions manufacturers] and the War
Revenue Act of 1917 [more income and
corporate taxes]. Liberty Bonds also contributed
to gov’t incomes. Labor Shortage – Unemployment basically
vanished and wages increased [though the costs
of living did too]. People rushed into the cities and
into manufacturing jobs. As a result of the
shortage, strikes were strongly discouraged, and
the National War Labor Board was established
in 1918 to coordinate management and unions.
The AFL joined the NWLB, but the Sots and
IWW members still continued to agitate. Women in the Work Force – Women temporarily
took over many male-dominated professions.
Similarly, black women were able to take jobs
formerly reserved to white women. After the war,
however, women were displaced back into the
home. African American Migration to the Cities – New
opportunities also appeared for blacks, and male
blacks rushed into the cities to take advantage of
them, regardless of the discrimination that
persisted. This resulted in race riots...
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- Fall '10