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Unformatted text preview: for all that the DRs were
subversive foreign agents. So in 1798 the Federalist
Congress passed the Alien and Sedition Acts.
- 3 of the Acts were meant for recent immigrants [who
were generally DRs]: the Naturalization Act lengthened
the residency requirement and had all resident aliens
register, and the Alien Acts allowed for the detention of
enemy aliens during wartime and allowed the President
to deport dangerous aliens. But the Sedition Act applied
to citizens as well and tried to control speech against the
- In response, Jefferson and Madison drafted the
Virginia (Madison) and Kentucky (Jefferson)
Resolutions, which outlined the whole states’ rights
argument for the first time.
- Then Adams, acting on information from Europe, once
again sent an envoy to Paris, this time seeking
compensation for seized ships and abrogation of the
1778 treaty. The Convention of 1800 ended the QuasiWar but only provided for the abrogation of the treaty.
- Unluckily for Adams the results of the negotiations
weren’t known until after the election of 1800 [his
67 decision to start them alienated everybody and prob. cost
him the victory by dividing the Feds].
- Anyhow, the DRs won, even though they almost got
really messed up b/c Jefferson and Burr got the same #
of votes [it took Hamilton’s behind-the-scenes
maneuverings to get Jefferson to be President].
Consequently, in 1804 the Twelfth Amendment
changed voting to a party ticket.
*Race Relations at the End of the Century*
- Many Indians now came under US influence [Treaty of
Greenville] so, in 1789, Henry Knox proposed that the
new nat’l gov’t set about “civilizing” them. The Indian
Trade and Intercourse Act (1793) codified that belief by
promising that the gov’t would supply Indians w/animals,
tools, and instruction in farming.
- This plan, while well intentioned, had the obvious flaw
that it ignored traditional Indian customs of communal
landowning and women farming/men hunting. Still, some
Indians responded [...
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- Fall '10