This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.
Unformatted text preview: ad prosperity. In 1946, unions responded by
ordering nationwide shutdowns and strikes.
- This further limited production and created more
inflation, so many people began to get very pissed at the
unions, including Truman, who declared to Congress that
if an industry vital to nat’l security refused to return to
226 work, all the workers would be drafted into the army. This
really angered labor, though!
- Another debacle occurred w/Truman’s handling of the
OPA (price controls), which big business & consumers
wanted lifted. When they did expire, however, inflation
rose further. People blamed Truman, leading to the
Republican majority in both houses in the 1946 elections.
- Taft-Hartley Act (1947) Prohibited the closed shop
(union only), permitted states to ban union-shop
agreements, forbade union contributions to candidates in
federal elections, forced union leaders to swear in
affidavits that they were not communists, and mandated
an 80 day cooling off period before carrying out strikes.
This enraged labor, but helped Truman, who was
vindicated in their eyes through his veto.
- The Republican Congress also offended other groups,
like farm organization, with their obliviousness to public
demands. Still, though, it seemed like they had a sure
*Truman’s Second Term: Domestic Policies*
- Anyway, in the Presidential Election of 1948, in
addition to the Republican candidate, Thomas Dewey
(G-NY), Truman faced two other parties: (1) the
Progressive Party, which advocated friendly relationships
w/the USSR, racial desegregation, and the
nationalization of basic industries and ran Henry
Wallace, a New Dealer who had been fired by Truman
for criticizing US foreign policy and (2) the Dixiecrats,
who ran Strom Thurmond of SC and consisted of anticivil rights Southerners.
227 - So, basically, most people felt that Truman was totally
screwed. As a last ditch tactic, he called the all
Republican Congress into a special session and
challenged it to enact all their plans. They did nothing in
the end, giving Truman the opportunity to...
View Full Document
This note was uploaded on 04/02/2014 for the course APUSH AP United taught by Professor Orban during the Fall '10 term at Harrison High School, Harrison.
- Fall '10