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Unformatted text preview: allowed for trade of both contraband and n/c
materials between neutral and belligerent nations,
it was up to Germany to stop trade through a
blockade or something. Wilson opposed the trade
at first, but ended up conceding as it was
essential to US economic health. Ideological Similarities – Wilson also favored
Britain b/c he believed that British supremacy
gave his principles more of a chance.
Wilsonianism consisted of traditional American
ideals [democracy, Open Door], internationalism,
and American exceptionalism – i.e. US as world
leader in an era of capitalism, democracy [selfdetermination and the destruction of empires were
big factors too] and diplomacy.
- Wilson still didn’t want to go to war, and attempted to
preserve neutrality – for a while…
*Wilson’s Decision for War*
- First, a series of events got Wilson and co. to start
considering the question… Lusitania incident – In May 1915 the British
passenger liner Lusitania was sunk by a British
submarine, killing 128 Americans. *Note: The
Germans HAD issued a warning that British
vessels could be destroyed, but nobody listened. Bryan’s resignation – Bryan suggested that
Americans be forbidden from traveling on
182 belligerent ships and that contraband not be
allowed on passenger vessels, but Wilson
disagreed and insisted the Germans stop their
sub warfare [he claimed it wasn’t a double
standard b/c the Germans were taking lives, not
property]. Bryan resigned in protest, and Robert
Lansing [pro-Allied] took his place. Gore-McLemore Resolution – After the sinking of
the Arabic in early 1916 Congress debated this
resolution, which would have prohibited
Americans from traveling on armed merchant
vessels or ships w/contraband. But, the resolution
was eventually killed off. Sussex incident – Another U-boat attack led
Wilson to threaten Berlin w/the severance of
diplomatic relations. The Germans promised not
to do it again.
- Not everyone, of course, went along w/the pro-war
position. Anti-war groups included the: Woman’s Peace
Party, American Union against Militaris...
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2014 for the course APUSH AP United taught by Professor Orban during the Fall '10 term at Harrison High School, Harrison.
- Fall '10