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- Around the same time, Virginians also experienced
conflict w/the Indians b/c of land, although the conflict
played out slightly differently. After land-hungry
Virginians attacked two Indians tribes, Indians raided
outlying farms in retaliation in the winter of 1676.
- Governor William Berkeley, however, was reluctant to
strike back b/c: (1) he had trade agreements w/the
Indians and didn’t want to disrupt them and (2) he
already had land and didn’t want competition anyway.
- So the angry colonists [many former indentured
servants] rallied around recent immigrant Nathaniel
Bacon, who held members of the House of Burgesses
until they authorized him to attack the Indians and was
consequently declared to be in rebellion by Berkeley. 16 - Throughout the summer of 1676, then, Bacon fought
both Indians and supporters of the gov’t, even burning
Jamestown itself to the ground. Even though the
rebellion died w/Bacon in October, the point was made
and a new treaty in 1677 allowed more territory to be
- Besides being a turning point in relations w/the Indians,
Bacon’s rebellion had another very important
consequence. As landowners realized that there wasn’t
much land left to give to indentured servants, the custom
stopped and they began looking for slave labor instead.
*The Introduction of African Slavery*
- As a consequence of Bacon’s rebellion and the
reluctance of indentured servants to go to the
Chesapeake [no more land] planters turned to slavery as
a labor source.
- They had no real moral qualms about this b/c slavery
had been practiced in Europe for centuries and European
Christians believed that it was OK to enslave “heathen”
people. Racism against Africans, which viewed them as
inferior b/c of their skin color, had also been developing
in England since the 1500s.
- Even though there was a slave system in the West
Indies by the 1650s, it didn’t spread to the mainland
colonies until the 70s. Anyhow, when slavery did start in
the colonies, what was it like? Slavery in the South – after 1677 slaves were
imported incredibly rapidly i...
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- Fall '10