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Unformatted text preview: ge only]. 154 - At first, the NWSA concentrated on a nat’l amendment,
and the AWSA worked on the state level, but they
merged in 1890 to become the NAWSA. Still, e/t they
were successful in training leaders, raising awareness,
and getting individual states to cooperate, nat’l suffrage
was to come later.
*The Agrarian Revolt*
- Even before the advent of Populism, angry farmers
were getting organized. At first, the “agrarian revolt” took
the form of the Grange Organizations of the early
1870s, and then the Farmers’ Alliances in Texas and
the Great Plains. So why were they so pissed off?
Hmm…think about it.
- Economic woes faced by the farmers: Sharecropping [the “crop lien” system] – if
farmers [usually in South] were unable to pay their
debts [for supplies], they had to promise to pay
with their crops. The crops would rarely be worth
enough, so they would borrow more, etc. Economic Change – in the South, yeoman
farmers were being pushed into cotton raising b/c
of the debts incurred during the war [it was no
longer practical to grow own food]. This made the
debt situation worse and put them at the mercy of
merchants. In the Midwest, the problem involved
dropping prices [due to technological advances]
that necessitated increases in production. But
since costs weren’t dropping, many farmers got
stuck big time. 155 Price Inflation/Interest Rate - to make matters
worse, merchants took advantage by charging
insane interest and inflating prices. RRD Exploitation – see above Weather/Bugs – well, the industrialists also
played a part by making mail order bugs that
farmers could let loose on competitors, as well as
portable hurricanes. Haha…just kidding!
- Grange Movement (1870s) – farmers formed a
network of Granges w/elected officers and membership
oaths. E/t they began as social things, Granges soon
turned to economics/politics. This didn’t work so well,
though [they elected people, but couldn’t fight the
corporations], so Granges declined in the late 1870s. In
the Southwest, Mexic...
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- Fall '10