Although in 1786 the iroquois said the treaty had

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Unformatted text preview: ntly, state gov’ts didn’t enforce the part of the Treaty of Paris about paying prewar debts, which gave the British the 53 perfect excuse for not removing their forts on the Western frontier. *Management of the Western Territories* - Speaking of the Western frontier…after the Treaty of Paris the US assumed that all the land East of the Mississippi (ex. for the land held by the Spanish) was theirs. Nevertheless, they realized they would have to negotiate w/local tribes. - At Fort Stanwix, N.Y. in 1784 American diplomats negotiated a treaty w/chiefs claiming to be representing the Iroquois, and in 1785/1786 they did the same for the Choctaw, Chickasaw and Cherokee in Hopewell, South Carolina. Although in 1786 the Iroquois said the treaty had been made by imposters and threatened to attack, the US called their bluff, realizing the treaty stood by default. By 1790, New York State had, by purchasing land from individual Iroquois nations, reduced the Confederacy to scattered reservations. - In the Southwest the US also regarded the treaties as license to send settlers into Indian lands, but this provoked the Creeks [hadn’t signed Hopewell treaty] into declaring a war that didn’t end until 1790. - Also, after the collapse of Iroquois power, tribes that had previously allowed the Confederacy to speak for them began demanding direct negotiations with the US At first they were ignored, as they couldn’t use their old diplomatic strategy of pitting powers against e/o [only the US was left]. - So anyhow the US went ahead and planned out an organization for the Northwest Territories (Mississippi 54 River, Great Lakes, Ohio River boundaries) in a series of ordinances: Land Ordinances of 1784/1785 – these laws described the process by which land would pass from public to private hands… The area would be divided into more than 4 but less than 7 states. The area would also be surveyed in to townships of 36 sq. mi. each, each of which would be divided into 36 towns. The ownership of the territories would be transferred to the federal...
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