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Unformatted text preview: ntly,
state gov’ts didn’t enforce the part of the Treaty of Paris
about paying prewar debts, which gave the British the
53 perfect excuse for not removing their forts on the
*Management of the Western Territories*
- Speaking of the Western frontier…after the Treaty of
Paris the US assumed that all the land East of the
Mississippi (ex. for the land held by the Spanish) was
theirs. Nevertheless, they realized they would have to
negotiate w/local tribes.
- At Fort Stanwix, N.Y. in 1784 American diplomats
negotiated a treaty w/chiefs claiming to be representing
the Iroquois, and in 1785/1786 they did the same for the
Choctaw, Chickasaw and Cherokee in Hopewell, South
Carolina. Although in 1786 the Iroquois said the treaty
had been made by imposters and threatened to attack,
the US called their bluff, realizing the treaty stood by
default. By 1790, New York State had, by purchasing
land from individual Iroquois nations, reduced the
Confederacy to scattered reservations.
- In the Southwest the US also regarded the treaties as
license to send settlers into Indian lands, but this
provoked the Creeks [hadn’t signed Hopewell treaty] into
declaring a war that didn’t end until 1790.
- Also, after the collapse of Iroquois power, tribes that
had previously allowed the Confederacy to speak for
them began demanding direct negotiations with the US
At first they were ignored, as they couldn’t use their old
diplomatic strategy of pitting powers against e/o [only the
US was left].
- So anyhow the US went ahead and planned out an
organization for the Northwest Territories (Mississippi 54 River, Great Lakes, Ohio River boundaries) in a series of
ordinances: Land Ordinances of 1784/1785 – these laws
described the process by which land would pass
from public to private hands… The area would be divided into more than 4
but less than 7 states. The area would also be surveyed in to
townships of 36 sq. mi. each, each of which
would be divided into 36 towns. The ownership of the territories would be
transferred to the federal...
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- Fall '10