And due to the union blockade the south actually

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Unformatted text preview: hips w/South terminated, debts lost, etc.] it soon picked up – especially b/c the gov’t contributed formerly unheard of amounts [and added new taxes, like the first income tax, to make up for it]. The commercialization and industrialization of agriculture received an especially big boost. Since workers didn’t really benefit as much as their employers did from the new conditions the labor movement gained strength – but the employers fought back, too. Some even made crappy products for the gov’t – i.e. corruption. Perhaps most importantly: the gov’t gained an activist role in the economy for good. This was solidified by a series of American System-ish acts passed [since no South to oppose]: Rebluican ideology: Morrill Tariff Act (1861) – doubled former tariffs Homestead Act (1862) – 160 acres to anyone for 5 years free Legal Tender Act (1862) – creation of a nat’l currency green backs Morrill Land Grant Act (1862) – land given to states to sell, but revenue can only go for education [think agricultural, engineering schools]. Pacific RRD Act (1863) – transcontinental RRD planned 122 National Bank Act (1863) – reinstated the bank that had been destroyed Lincoln’s power also increased – he started a shipbuilding program w/o waiting for Congress, suspended habeas corpus in the border states (first w/o Congress, then w/their approval) and even invoked martial law. Lastly, Northern women took over jobs left vacant by soldiers. - And the South experienced even more disruption For one, the whole local/limited/states’ rights gov’t idea had to go in order to fight the war properly. Davis moved quickly to bring arms, supplies and troops under his control, and then had to resort to the first ever draft law in April 1862. Davis was a strong executive – he even suspended habeas corpus and imposed martial law where there was opposition. The government also ended up having big time influence on the economy, b/c of conscription, which allowed them to control labor – RRDs, industries all went under gov’t control. And due to the Union blockade, the...
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