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Unformatted text preview: office, TR went against business again, and 168 supported heavier taxation of the rich and stronger
*The Election of 1908 and Taft’s Presidency*
- Instead of running again, Teddy supported William
Howard Taft for the Presidential Election of 1908 [TR
was reelected in 1904, by the way]. B/c of TR’s
popularity, Taft won, but landed in a difficult situation.
- First, Taft moved to cut tariffs, but was blocked by
Progressives, who felt the tariff benefited special
interests. So, the cuts were restored in the PayneAldrich Tariff (1909), which also angered Progressives.
- Basically, Taft was caught in the middle of a rift
between the conservative and Progressive wings of the
Republican Party. Not cool.
- Then, when a group of Progressives challenged the
conservative speaker, who controlled the legislative
progress, Taft first supported and then abandoned them.
He did, however, enlarge the Rules Committee, and
therefore help the Progressives – but he pissed them off
even more by firing conservationist Pinchot.
- Basically, it would have stunk to be Taft. He did as
much Progressive stuff as TR – he even busted more
trusts, signed the Mann-Elkins Act (1910), which helped
the ICC powers and supported labor reforms, and had
the Sixteenth [income tax] and Seventeenth [direct
election of Senators] Amendments passed. But b/c he
was cautious and wasn’t good at sucking up to people
and the press, he didn’t get a good reputation.
*The Election of 1912 and Wilson’s Presidency* 169 - When TR got back from Africa, he realized that his
party had split into the National Progressive
Republican League [La Follette] and the side that
stayed loyal to Taft. Disappointed, he began speaking
out, and eventually organized the Bull Moose Party
[from the Progressives] when LF got sick.
- Given that the Republicans had split, the Democrats
knew they had a sure win, so they took their time and
finally picked Woodrow Wilson, who won the election.
Wilson and TR had two competing visions for the
country, as follows: TR [New Nationalism] Let’s have a new era
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- Fall '10