This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.
Unformatted text preview: ch ¼ of the colonists were killed. But after
reinforcements arrived, the settlers counterattacked and
a peace was reached.
- Indian control of the region was further broken in April
1644 when they made a last attempt, failed, and were
forced to sign a treaty that subjugated them to the
- The one thing the 1622 attack did do was destroy the
Virginia Company, which wasn’t making $ and had its
charter revoked by James I in 1624. Virginia was then
made a royal colony. James quickly attempted to remove
the House of Burgesses but was met by so much
resistance that he was forced to give up.
- Additional expansion occurred in 1634 when Charles I
gave G. Calvert land on the Chesapeake as personal
property. Calvert named the area Maryland and decided
to use the colony as a haven for Roman Catholics. In
5 fact, C. Calvert [son] was the first colonizer to offer
religious freedom to all Christians.
- Besides religion [Jamestown was mostly composed of
Anglicans], however, Maryland was identical to Virginia –
they both relied on the tobacco crop and had plantations
spread out down the river and therefore didn’t need
towns to exchange goods [b/c they could just send it on
down the river].
*The Headright System and Indentured Servitude*
- The major problem the colonists faced even from the
beginning of the tobacco cultivation was a labor
shortage, as tobacco was a very labor-intensive crop.
This problem resulted in the introduction of the headright
system in 1617 by the Virginia Company.
- The headright system stated that every new arrival
paying their way could get 50 acres of land. Although this
in itself encouraged wealthier people to move to the
colonies, it also allowed the already established planters
to get labor and land at once.
- Essentially, wealthy planters would pay other peoples’
passages in return for several years of what became
called indentured servitude. So the planters would get
free labor (for a while) and land, and, after they worked
their quota of years, the servant...
View Full Document
- Fall '10