But by 1830 the immediatists instant compete

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Unformatted text preview: good intentions [rehabilitate them], but they soon became overcrowded and inhumane. Mentally ill people were also put in the prisons along with the criminals. Reformers, esp. Dorothea Dix, successfully pressed for improvements in prisons and the creation of asylums. Antimasonry – the Antimasonry movement was a short, intense attack on Freemasonry… Freemasonry – a secret society that came to the US from England in the 18th century and emphasized individual belief and brotherhood [vs. one organized religion]. AMs saw the society as anti-democratic and elitist, evangelists even saw it as satanic. AM moved into the political arena w/the supposed murder of William Morgan, an exMason who published an exposé in 1826. In 1827 the AMs held conventions to select candidates to oppose Masons, and in 1831 they held the first nat’l political convention in Baltimore. E/t AM declined w/the Masons in the mid1830s, the movement had significant impact b/c it inspired broader political participation [attracting lower classes vs. Mason elite] and introduced the convention and party platform. 95 Abolitionism – as AM declined, abolitionism gathered momentum… Prior to 1830 immediate abolition was not really advocated by anyone, although involvement began to grow following the War of 1812. In 1816 the American Colonization Society was founded [free slaves and ship them back to Africa, no place for them in American society]. But by 1830 the immediatists [instant, compete, uncompensated emancipation] surpassed the gradualists as the leading voice in the movement. Initially, only blacks were immediatists, but in the 1830s whites ex. William Lloyd Garrison [publisher of The Liberator beginning in 1831] joined the more radical side. Other immediatists, who shared Garrison’s moral intensity and firm belief in the evil inherent in slavery, rallied around the American Anti-Slavery Society (1833). By contrast, gradualists felt that impulsive action would jeopardize peace and order. Opposition to abolition actually ended up helping immediatists – events such as the 1837 murder of abolitionist editor Elijah Lovejoy and the South...
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