By cutting wages however they reduced purchasing

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Unformatted text preview: nt did was give gangsters like Al Capone tremendous power. - As for literature and the arts… The Lost Generation – Gotta love F. Scott Fitzgerald [my favorite writer, not that you care] and his cronies like Hemingway, etc. Faced w/materialism and conformity, many writers went abroad during the 1920s and wrote about America from afar. Others stayed, but still spoke about the 197 same themes: alienation, hypocrisy, conformity, and so on. Harlem Renaissance – Blacks flocked to Harlem, where they established a vibrant artistic community that celebrated black culture. A big issue for intellectuals in the HR was identity. Jazz – A major part of the Harlem Renaissance was Jazz, which owed a lot to black culture and music. Jazz was a huge hit in the cities, and helped the recording industry greatly. Innovative Art/Music – The twenties were very creative, and many artists attempted new styles, like Georgia O’Keefe in painting, Aaron Copland and George Gershwin in music, and Frank Lloyd Wright and his “prairie-style houses” in architecture. *The Conservative Reaction* - The new ideas quickly proceeded to scare the crap out of many older, rural Americans. This lead to a reaction, as illustrated by the: Return of the KKK – In 1915, the KKK was reestablished as an organization that not only targeted blacks, but also Catholics, Jews, immigrants, and so forth. “Native white Protestant supremacy” basically sums up their motives, which they used vigilante justice, terror, and political pressure to achieve. Intolerance/Racism – In general, this was a big problem, as exemplified by Madison Grant’s book The Passing of the Great Race (1916). 198 Immigration Quotas – In addition to racism, there was the ever present concern about lower wages and unemployment. Laws included: Quota (Johnson) Act (1921) – Immigration of a given nationality can’t exceed 3% per year of the immigrants in the nation from that nationality in 1910. This hurt immigrants from southern/eastern Europe. Immigration (Johnson-Reid) Act (1924) – 2% of each nationality from 1890, and a total limit for all n...
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