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Unformatted text preview: nt did was give gangsters like Al
Capone tremendous power.
- As for literature and the arts… The Lost Generation – Gotta love F. Scott
Fitzgerald [my favorite writer, not that you care]
and his cronies like Hemingway, etc. Faced
w/materialism and conformity, many writers went
abroad during the 1920s and wrote about America
from afar. Others stayed, but still spoke about the
197 same themes: alienation, hypocrisy, conformity,
and so on.
Harlem Renaissance – Blacks flocked to Harlem,
where they established a vibrant artistic
community that celebrated black culture. A big
issue for intellectuals in the HR was identity.
Jazz – A major part of the Harlem Renaissance
was Jazz, which owed a lot to black culture and
music. Jazz was a huge hit in the cities, and
helped the recording industry greatly.
Innovative Art/Music – The twenties were very
creative, and many artists attempted new styles,
like Georgia O’Keefe in painting, Aaron Copland
and George Gershwin in music, and Frank
Lloyd Wright and his “prairie-style houses” in
architecture. *The Conservative Reaction*
- The new ideas quickly proceeded to scare the crap out
of many older, rural Americans. This lead to a reaction,
as illustrated by the: Return of the KKK – In 1915, the KKK was
reestablished as an organization that not only
targeted blacks, but also Catholics, Jews,
immigrants, and so forth. “Native white Protestant
supremacy” basically sums up their motives,
which they used vigilante justice, terror, and
political pressure to achieve. Intolerance/Racism – In general, this was a big
problem, as exemplified by Madison Grant’s
book The Passing of the Great Race (1916). 198 Immigration Quotas – In addition to racism, there
was the ever present concern about lower wages
and unemployment. Laws included: Quota (Johnson) Act (1921) – Immigration of
a given nationality can’t exceed 3% per year
of the immigrants in the nation from that
nationality in 1910. This hurt immigrants from
southern/eastern Europe. Immigration (Johnson-Reid) Act (1924) – 2%
of each nationality from 1890, and a total
limit for all n...
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- Fall '10