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Unformatted text preview: ession of whites by ignorant blacks.
This was far from true, as e/t blacks participated,
they were by no means a majority and were very
effective. “Carpetbaggers” & “Scalawags” – conservatives
attacked the allies of black Republicans by
denouncing whites from the North as
carpetbaggers [greedy, corrupt businessmen
trying to take advantage of the South] and
labeling cooperative Southerners as scalawags. Tax policies – b/c the civil war destroyed much of
the South, Reconstruction gov’ts had to raise
taxes substantially, a fact the conservatives used
to draw support away from the Republicans,
especially among the yeoman farmers. 136 Corruption – this one was often true, for there
were many fraudulent schemes going on all
through the country during Reconstruction.
However, conservatives made it seem like it was
all the fault of the Republicans and blacks. Violence – white supremacist organizations like
the KKK [Ku Klux Klan] persecuted blacks and
Republicans in order to sabotage Reconstruction
gov’ts and reestablish the power of the planter
- Additionally, the Republicans suffered from factionalism
along racial and class lines.
*The Election of 1872 and Grant’s Second Term*
- In response to increasing violence in the South
Congress passed two Enforcement Acts and an AntiKlan Law in 1870/1871. But e/t the laws made actions
against the civil rights of others criminal offenses and
provided for election supervisors, martial law, and the
suspension of habeas corpus when necessary,
prosecutors didn’t really use the laws very much.
- Therefore, Klan violence continued [even after the
organization officially disbanded, others took its place]
and some Democrats even challenged the laws on the
basis of states’ rights.
- Another problem for the Republicans was that in 1872 a
part of the party split off into the Liberal Republicans
and nominated Horace Greeley. The LRs were united by
their lack of support for intervention in the South and an
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- Fall '10