Consequently in 1874 the democrats took over in the

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Unformatted text preview: ession of whites by ignorant blacks. This was far from true, as e/t blacks participated, they were by no means a majority and were very effective. “Carpetbaggers” & “Scalawags” – conservatives attacked the allies of black Republicans by denouncing whites from the North as carpetbaggers [greedy, corrupt businessmen trying to take advantage of the South] and labeling cooperative Southerners as scalawags. Tax policies – b/c the civil war destroyed much of the South, Reconstruction gov’ts had to raise taxes substantially, a fact the conservatives used to draw support away from the Republicans, especially among the yeoman farmers. 136 Corruption – this one was often true, for there were many fraudulent schemes going on all through the country during Reconstruction. However, conservatives made it seem like it was all the fault of the Republicans and blacks. Violence – white supremacist organizations like the KKK [Ku Klux Klan] persecuted blacks and Republicans in order to sabotage Reconstruction gov’ts and reestablish the power of the planter aristocracy. - Additionally, the Republicans suffered from factionalism along racial and class lines. *The Election of 1872 and Grant’s Second Term* - In response to increasing violence in the South Congress passed two Enforcement Acts and an AntiKlan Law in 1870/1871. But e/t the laws made actions against the civil rights of others criminal offenses and provided for election supervisors, martial law, and the suspension of habeas corpus when necessary, prosecutors didn’t really use the laws very much. - Therefore, Klan violence continued [even after the organization officially disbanded, others took its place] and some Democrats even challenged the laws on the basis of states’ rights. - Another problem for the Republicans was that in 1872 a part of the party split off into the Liberal Republicans and nominated Horace Greeley. The LRs were united by their lack of support for intervention in the South and an eli...
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