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Unformatted text preview: - The SGA caused people to believe the Second Coming
was drawing near and inspired people to try to speed the
process by fighting evil through reform. All the sects of
the SGA also shared a belief in self-improvement and the
formation of organizations to help others convert.
- Women were more involved in this than men were
[though they often forced their husbands and families into
it as well]. For women, revival meetings and reform
societies offered unique opportunities for participation in
public life and politics.
*The Pursuit of Perfection: Nineteenth Century Reform
Movements* 93 - Some of the most significant nineteenth century reform
movements include… Anti-Prostitution – after a divinity student
published a report in 1830 about the incidence of
prostitution in NYC, women began a drive to help
reform the prostitutes and stop young men from
abusing women through the Female Moral
Reform Society (1834). As the decade
progressed the FMRS opened chapters
throughout the nation, and became involved
politically. Temperance – one of the most successful reform
efforts, the temperance movement worked
towards reducing alcohol consumption [much
higher then that it is now]… The movement was both inspired by religion
[alcohol=sin], by women who found that their
families were being destroyed by alcoholism,
and was favored by employers who realized
their employees would be more efficient w/o
it. Even popular culture reflected the
movement’s ideology – Timothy Shaw
Arthur’s Ten Nights in a Barroom (1853),
Deacon Robert Peckham’s temperance
paintings. As the years passed the emphasis of
reformers shifted from moderation to
abstinence to prohibition. The movement was
very successful [sharp decline in alcohol use,
some states prohibited its sale], but
continued to rise even as consumption fell.
94 From the 1820s on, the movement also
began targeting immigrants and Catholics as
the source of the problem – most Catholics
favored self-control over state laws.
Penitentiaries and Asylums – state institutions
to hold criminals began w/...
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2014 for the course APUSH AP United taught by Professor Orban during the Fall '10 term at Harrison High School, Harrison.
- Fall '10