Even popular culture reflected the movements ideology

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Unformatted text preview: - The SGA caused people to believe the Second Coming was drawing near and inspired people to try to speed the process by fighting evil through reform. All the sects of the SGA also shared a belief in self-improvement and the formation of organizations to help others convert. - Women were more involved in this than men were [though they often forced their husbands and families into it as well]. For women, revival meetings and reform societies offered unique opportunities for participation in public life and politics. *The Pursuit of Perfection: Nineteenth Century Reform Movements* 93 - Some of the most significant nineteenth century reform movements include… Anti-Prostitution – after a divinity student published a report in 1830 about the incidence of prostitution in NYC, women began a drive to help reform the prostitutes and stop young men from abusing women through the Female Moral Reform Society (1834). As the decade progressed the FMRS opened chapters throughout the nation, and became involved politically. Temperance – one of the most successful reform efforts, the temperance movement worked towards reducing alcohol consumption [much higher then that it is now]… The movement was both inspired by religion [alcohol=sin], by women who found that their families were being destroyed by alcoholism, and was favored by employers who realized their employees would be more efficient w/o it. Even popular culture reflected the movement’s ideology – Timothy Shaw Arthur’s Ten Nights in a Barroom (1853), Deacon Robert Peckham’s temperance paintings. As the years passed the emphasis of reformers shifted from moderation to abstinence to prohibition. The movement was very successful [sharp decline in alcohol use, some states prohibited its sale], but continued to rise even as consumption fell. 94 From the 1820s on, the movement also began targeting immigrants and Catholics as the source of the problem – most Catholics favored self-control over state laws. Penitentiaries and Asylums – state institutions to hold criminals began w/...
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2014 for the course APUSH AP United taught by Professor Orban during the Fall '10 term at Harrison High School, Harrison.

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