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four key elements: (1) the freedmen were given
citizenship and the states were prohibited from denying
their rights, (2) the Confederate debt was void, but the
US debt remained, (3) Confederate leaders were barred
from holding office, and (4) if S. states didn’t let blacks
vote, they were to have their representation reduced
proportionally. *The last part irritated supporters of the
women’s rights movement [we’re being ignored] and
encouraged leaders like Stanton and Anthony.
- Naturally, Johnson tried to block the Fourteenth
Amendment in both the North and the South, urging
Southern state legislatures to vote against ratification and
organizing a Nat’l Union Convention in the North and
going around giving really bad speeches criticizing the
Republicans [“traitors”]. To make a long story short, he
wasn’t exactly Mr. Popularity.
*The Congressional Reconstruction Acts*
- Meanwhile, the Republicans dominated the 1866
Congressional elections, which they saw as a mark of
132 approval for their plan. Nevertheless, nothing could be
done w/the planter dominated “Johnson Governments”
still in the South. Therefore, Congress decided that the
states would have to be reorganized.
- This decision led to a series of Reconstruction Acts
passed through 1867 and 1868. The basis of the plan
was established in the first Reconstruction Act [March
1867], in which Union generals assumed control in the
five different military districts that were established in the
South. The troops were charged w/supervising elections,
among other things.
- The act also guaranteed freedmen the right to vote and
forced S. states to ratify the 14th Amendment, to ratify
their new constitutions by majority vote, and to submit
them to Congress for approval. The rest of the acts,
passed between March 1867 and March 1868, dealt
- The Reconstruction Acts successfully limited Johnson’s
power, but some of the Radical Republicans were still
unsatisfied, as their proposal for land redistribution,
which they f...
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2014 for the course APUSH AP United taught by Professor Orban during the Fall '10 term at Harrison High School, Harrison.
- Fall '10