For instance it set the date for its own reconvening

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Unformatted text preview: ch had four key elements: (1) the freedmen were given citizenship and the states were prohibited from denying their rights, (2) the Confederate debt was void, but the US debt remained, (3) Confederate leaders were barred from holding office, and (4) if S. states didn’t let blacks vote, they were to have their representation reduced proportionally. *The last part irritated supporters of the women’s rights movement [we’re being ignored] and encouraged leaders like Stanton and Anthony. - Naturally, Johnson tried to block the Fourteenth Amendment in both the North and the South, urging Southern state legislatures to vote against ratification and organizing a Nat’l Union Convention in the North and going around giving really bad speeches criticizing the Republicans [“traitors”]. To make a long story short, he wasn’t exactly Mr. Popularity. *The Congressional Reconstruction Acts* - Meanwhile, the Republicans dominated the 1866 Congressional elections, which they saw as a mark of 132 approval for their plan. Nevertheless, nothing could be done w/the planter dominated “Johnson Governments” still in the South. Therefore, Congress decided that the states would have to be reorganized. - This decision led to a series of Reconstruction Acts passed through 1867 and 1868. The basis of the plan was established in the first Reconstruction Act [March 1867], in which Union generals assumed control in the five different military districts that were established in the South. The troops were charged w/supervising elections, among other things. - The act also guaranteed freedmen the right to vote and forced S. states to ratify the 14th Amendment, to ratify their new constitutions by majority vote, and to submit them to Congress for approval. The rest of the acts, passed between March 1867 and March 1868, dealt w/the details. - The Reconstruction Acts successfully limited Johnson’s power, but some of the Radical Republicans were still unsatisfied, as their proposal for land redistribution, which they f...
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2014 for the course APUSH AP United taught by Professor Orban during the Fall '10 term at Harrison High School, Harrison.

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