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was to become legal though Commonwealth v. Hunt
*American Expansion and Indian Removal*
- As Americans increasingly pushed West, the former
occupants inevitably were forced onwards as well.
Although the Constitution acknowledged Indian
sovereignty and gov’t relations w/Indian leaders followed
internat’l protocol, in reality, it was a bunch of crap.
90 - Basically, the US used treaty making to acquire Indian
land – through either military or economic pressure the
Indians were forced to sign new treaties giving up more
and more land. Some Indian resistance continued after
the War of 1812, but it only delayed, not prevented, the
- Many Indian nations attempt to integrate themselves in
the market economy. For example, some lower
Mississippi tribes became cotton suppliers and traders.
This turned out badly, though, b/c the trading posts would
extend debt to chiefs that would later be used to force
them off the land.
- As the cotton economy spread, then, Indians fell into
patterns of dependency w/the Americans, which made it
easier to move them. Indian populations also fell
drastically due to war and disease.
- The US gov’t also attempt to assimilate the Indians into
American culture [in 1819 $ was appropriated for that
cause and mission schools were est.] Missions taught
the value of private property and Christianity. For most,
however, assimilation seemed too slow, and illegal
settlers began crowding Indians everywhere.
- By the 1820s it was obvious the Indians just weren’t
about to give up land fast enough, and attention turned to
the more powerful, well-organized southeastern tribes.
- In 1824, prompted by pressure from Georgia, Monroe
suggested that all Indians be moved beyond the
Mississippi River [no force would be necessary, he
thought]. This was aimed primarily at the southern
Creeks, Choctaws, Chickasaws and Cherokees, who all
rejected the proposal.
- In the end, all the tribes were moved, making it clear
that even adapting to American ways could not prevent
91 removal. The Cherokees were the best example – they
had a constitution and political structure, but the South
refused to respect them. They appealed to the SC in
Cherokee Nation v. Georgia (1831) and the court ruled in
their favor. Still, Georgia refused to comply.
- Jackson deci...
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2014 for the course APUSH AP United taught by Professor Orban during the Fall '10 term at Harrison High School, Harrison.
- Fall '10