Unformatted text preview: he War Begins*
- The actual fighting part of the independence movement
was sparked when General Thomas Gage in Boston
send an expedition to confiscate provincial military
supplies at Concord. Paul Revere heard about this, yeah
we all know the story. Anyhow there was a skirmish at
Lexington [en route] on April 19, 1775.
- Then at Concord the British were met w/even more
resistance [at Lexington it had just been a bunch of local
militiamen called up at the last minute]. For the year
following Concord, the Americans besieged Boston,
where the British had retreated.
- The British only broke away from the siege at the Battle
of Bunker Hill [which marked a turning pt. for them
strategically from containment of a radical movement in
New England to more of a focus on the Middle Colonies]
but they suffered heavy losses in doing so.
*British Strategy [or lack of it]*
- Lord North made three assumptions [and you know
what happens when you assume] about the war:
1. Patriot forces can’t win against British regulars.
42 2. War in America is the same as war in Europe.
3. A military victory will automatically make the
colonies come back to mommy Britain.
- Wrong, wrong, and wrong again. They greatly
underestimated American commitment to resistance and
also didn’t see that military victories would just not be
enough to bring an area as big as the colonies back
under control [loss of cities didn’t hurt the cause]. Finally,
they just didn’t get it that even if they did win militarily and
gained control it wouldn’t last b/c what they had to do
was to win the colonies over politically. They tried the
political angle in 1778 but by then it was too late.
*American Advantages/Disadvantages in the War*
- Britain’s less-than-brilliant [to say the least] strategy
brings us to…American advantages in the war: They were fighting on home soil [makes big
difference b/c people fight w/more conviction if
they are fighting for their land AND they also knew
the area as a result]. The colonists also had easier access to supplies
and better tactics. Lastly, they didn’t have inanely stupid generals
who were only in it for their own personal glory
and consequently didn’t work together li...
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- Fall '10