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Unformatted text preview: Acts, which were passed
from 1651 to 1673, and stated that… 20 All goods had to stop in England to check that
[initially] ½ the crew was British [later the quota
was raised to ¾, and the ships became taxed as
well]. Foreign trading was banned between colonial
ports, and colonists weren’t allowed to serve on
competitors’ ships. Later on lists of enumerated goods [goods that
could only be sold to England] were made.
- The purpose was to make England benefit from both
colonial imports and exports. But, officials soon found out
that enforcing the laws was much easier than passing
them, b/c there was lots of smuggling. As a result,
Admiralty Courts were established and a Board of Trade
and Plantations was formed in 1696 to supervise the
governors [but it didn’t have any direct powers of
*Colonial Political Development and Imperial
- After the crises of the 1670s, English officials began
paying more attention tot the colonies. It was a real
mess, administratively – the specifics were all different.
Overall, though, the colonies all had governors [councils
helped the governors] and legislatures [some of which
- So, even though the local institutions varied, colonists
everywhere were used to some political autonomy. But,
after James II became king, officials decided to clean up
the mess and consolidate the colonies under British rule. 21 Massachusetts (1691), New Jersey (1702) and the
Carolinas (1729) were made royal colonies.
- Some charters were temporarily suspended and then
restored in that area as well. But the big changes were
made in Puritan New England, which was considered a
smuggling hotbed and was changed into the Dominion
of New England in 1686 [New Jersey to Maine]. The
Dominion was run by Sir Edmund Andros, who had
immense power, until the Glorious Revolution in 1688.
- After the GR, colonists thought – hey, let’s rebel too –
so they jailed Andros and declared their loyalty to William
and Mary. But W&M also wanted tighter control, so they
didn’t give the rebellions their sanction and instead
issued new charters, which destroyed many New
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- Fall '10