Haymarket riot may 1 1886 in chicago several groups

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Unformatted text preview: es doing the same stupid little task over and over again instead of making their own decisions about techniques, starting and stopping times, etc. Increased company control: in efforts to increase worker efficiency, employers tried to establish temperance/reform societies and control workers’ social lives. Other employers began paying per item produced rather than by hour. Employment of women and children: as the need for skilled workers decreased, employers cut 143 costs by hiring women and children for assembly lines. Women also worked in the service sector and in sales/secretarial positions. By 1900, some state laws limited the employment of children, but many companies still got away with it. Decreased independence: in addition to finding their actual jobs more constricting, workers found that their wages were largely beyond their control and were often unable to find steady work – i.e. they were trapped by the system. New threats at the workplace: workers encountered industrial accidents, etc. - So basically the machine gave the workers the crap end of the deal. Worse still, they weren’t allowed to organize effectively as a result of a series of anti-labor decisions, and free-market views made it difficult for legislation dealing with working hours and conditions to be passed. - Supreme Court cases dealing with labor regulation: Holden v. Hardy (1896) – Court upheld regulation on miners’ working hours Lochner v. New York (1905) – Court rejected regulation on bakers’ working hours b/c job not considered to be dangerous, interference w/contract = violation of Fourteenth Amendment Muller v. Oregon (1908) – Court upheld regulation on women laundry workers’ working hours, claiming that women needed special protection, led to laws banning women from occupations - Generally, though, workers did not make much progress, which led to the… *The Union Movement* 144 - Important strikes/events relating to the Unions: 1877: In July, Unionized RRD workers struck to protest wage cuts [b/c of Panic of 1873]. The strikes led to violence, which was broken up by state militia companies hired by the employers. Strikeb...
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2014 for the course APUSH AP United taught by Professor Orban during the Fall '10 term at Harrison High School, Harrison.

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