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Unformatted text preview: bout time, too!
- The final thing came in June 1864 when Lincoln gave
his support for a Constitutional ban on slavery, leading to
the Republican Party’s call for the Thirteenth
Amendment, which was passed in early 1865. As a
rather strange note, near the end of the war the
Confederates grew so desperate even they considered
emancipating and arming the slaves. Go figure!
*1863: The Decisive Year*
- The year began well for the South w/the Battle of
Chancellorsville, a crushing defeat for the North – but
also detrimental to the South b/c of the loss of Stonewall
- But things went downhill quickly for the South b/c of two
important battles: the Battle of Vicksburg [on the last
major Southern fortification of the Mississippi] and the
Battle of Gettysburg [the high water mark of the
Confederate offensive into Maryland].
- The two Northern victories at the above battles were
very important. The fall of Vicksburg on July 4, 1863
opened the Mississippi for the North and cut the South in
half and the Northern victory at Gettysburg was the end
of all Southern offensives.
*Disunity in the North and South*
- In the North (not as bad): 125 Resentment of the draft was one problem, as was
general disillusionment. However, the North had
enough resources that the problems didn’t make
an impact on the war effort overall. Most resistance, in fact, was political in origin.
Some Democrats attempted to gain support by
blaming Lincoln for the misfortunes brought about
by the war, attacking conscription, and defending
states’ rights. These Peace Democrats [led by
Clement L. Vallandigham] called Lincoln a
dictator [got CV arrested for treason] – which led
to Republicans calling them “Copperheads”
[implication was that they were trying to sabotage
war]. The worst incident of public violence came about
against the draft [law in 1863] – the New York
City Draft Riots, for example, showed the class
and ethnic tensions of the time b/c blacks were
the main target [taking jobs]. In the Presidential Election of...
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2014 for the course APUSH AP United taught by Professor Orban during the Fall '10 term at Harrison High School, Harrison.
- Fall '10