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Unformatted text preview: ationalities. National Origins Act (1929) – New quotas in
proportion to the origins of American people
Fear of Immigrants & Radicalism – The big
example here is the Sacco-Vanzetti Case, in
which two Italian immigrants [anarchists, too]
were convicted of murder w/o real evidence.
Appeals and protests failed, and they were
executed in 1927.
Fundamentalism – People freaked at the new
materialism, and ran to their Bibles, which they
decided to interpret literally. This led to clashes
with science, most memorably in the Scopes
Trial, where a teacher was tried for teaching
evolution to students, which was illegal in his
state. Bryan took the prosecution, and civil
liberties lawyers led by Clarence Darrow took the
defense. Scopes was convicted, but Bryan and
co. came out looking pretty foolish [though this
didn’t stop them from continuing to pass
restrictions on teaching evolution. Okay, stop
studying now and go watch Inherit the Wind!
199 Revivalism – Using advertising and the radio,
preachers spread emotional religious messages
across the country. Civic organizations also grew
- So that’s that – the twenties as a battleground between
the new mass culture and the reactionary elements. No,
it was, really! The Great Depression (1929 – 1941)
*Causes of the Great Depression*
- On October 24, 1929 (“Black Thursday”) there was an
initial panic, which was rescued by a bunch of bankers
who bought stocks to bring the prices back up. Once the
news got out, though, there was another crash, on
October 29 (“Black Tuesday”). Why did it happen?
Several reasons: Overproduction/Underconsumption – Basically,
companies expanded to such a degree that they
had to keep producing more and cutting wages in
order to keep their profits up. By cutting wages,
however, they reduced purchasing power and
thus limited the amount of goods they sold, so
there was all this extra stuff lying around causing
problems for companies. Corporate Debt – Companies overextended
themselves and lied about their assets to get
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2014 for the course APUSH AP United taught by Professor Orban during the Fall '10 term at Harrison High School, Harrison.
- Fall '10