However there was no limit on other stuff or

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Unformatted text preview: en went on to become a very pragmatic, influential organization that relied on new tactics like sit-down strikes. - Management still sometimes resorted to violence, though, like in the Memorial Day Massacre, which occurred when strikers in front of the Republic Steel plant in Chicago were shot by the police in 1937. *Racism during the Great Depression* - African Americans, like the rest of the country, were hurt by the GD, as they were pushed deeper into poverty and segregation, as black unemployment rates were higher than for whites. Hoover was quite insensitive to 209 race issues; he even tried to appoint an SC justice who supported black disenfranchisement. - Scottsboro Trial (1931) – Nine black teens were arrested for throwing white hoboes off a train and were then accused and convicted (by a white jury) of rape. An SC ruling intervened, but they were still imprisoned. - Organizations like the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters and the militant Harlem Tenants League fought for civil rights and attacked discrimination, but they were for the most part ignored. NAACP lawyers, however, still made some gains in the SC ruling in Missouri ex rel. Gaines v. Canada (1938). - Then, with FDR’s election, blacks generally switched to the Democratic side, mainly b/c of the relief programs. FDR also had a “Black Cabinet,” as there had never been so many black advisers before. - Still, FDR didn’t really care for black civil rights (he was also afraid of alienating voters in the South), so ND welfare programs often ended up excluded blacks from working or receiving aid. These inconsistencies spurred blacks to seek direct action, as they knew they couldn’t really rely on gov’t support. - March on Washington Movement (1941) – In response to discrimination in the new jobs in the war industries, Randolph (leader of the porters’ union) came up with a huge march. Afraid it would lead to riots, FDR then promised to outlaw discrimination in war industries in exchange for a cancellation of the march. - Executive Order No. 8802 – In excha...
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2014 for the course APUSH AP United taught by Professor Orban during the Fall '10 term at Harrison High School, Harrison.

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