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Unformatted text preview: in office
were about the status quo & conformity (“consensus
mood”) where talk of reform became unpatriotic.
- Both Democrats and Republicans alike avoided
extremism (stuck with the center), and Eisenhower
himself came up with “dynamic conservatism” – we can’t
remove the New Deal, so we’ll live with it and try to
represent business and balance the budget anyway.
- What did Eisenhower do during his first term? He built a
canal (spur economic development in Midwest),
amended the Social Security Act to add people, reformed
taxes, and passed the Atomic Energy Act of 1954,
which gave private companies the right to use nuclear
- Eisenhower also changed policies regarding Native
Americans. His policy of termination (1953) forced NAs
into American culture by getting rid of reservations,
229 ending tribal sovereignty and federal services, and
making Indians subject to state laws. This was supposed
to help states’ rights and lower costs, but it was mainly
motivated by land greed (as ever).
- Although the Congressional elections of 1954 gave the
Democrats control of both houses of Congress,
Eisenhower was reelected in a landslide victory in the
Presidential Election of 1956.
*Eisenhower’s Second Term: Domestic Policies*
- In his second term, Eisenhower faced rising costs
(partially b/c of America’s involvement globally) but
ended up going with deficit spending due to the military
budget and three short recessions.
- In 1958 Eisenhower faced further problems when
Sherman Adams (the President’s chief aide) resigned
under suspicion of a scandal, and the Republicans lost
big time in the 1958 Congressional elections. Then in
1960 there was a recession, and the whole U-2 plane
incident (more on that later).
- Although Eisenhower was popular, in retrospect, he did
avoid dealing with the major issues of poverty, urban
decay, and civil rights – and he authorized CIA covert
operations. Nevertheless, just before leaving office, he
was eerily prescient in his warnings against the “militaryindust...
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- Fall '10