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Unformatted text preview: established a “Civil Body
Politic” and basic legal system. It also described the
belief that the Pilgrims had made a covenant w/God,
which meant that they had to create a new utopian
society – they were egalitarians [only for church
members] and believed in communalism.
- Anyhow, the Pilgrims finally landed on November 21,
1620. They named their town Plymouth. But, once
again, they had a tough time at the beginning [as they
were poorly prepared for the climate].
- They were only saved when the Pokanokets [led by
Massasoit], a local Indian tribe that had lost many people
in an epidemic and were threatened by their neighbors,
decided they would be useful allies.
- As the Pilgrims struggled to survive and create their
small town community, though, another group arrived
and established colonies that would eventually come to
dominate New England and absorb Plymouth in 1691.
This second group was headed by Congregationalists,
who were threatened by Charles I, who had begun trying
to wipe out Puritan practices in the country. 8 - Subsequently, a group of Congregationalist merchants
obtained a royal charter in 1629 and formed the
Massachusetts Bay Company, which soon attracted
middle-class Puritans who were concerned about the
deteriorating situation in England. Although they
remained committed to reforming the Anglican Church,
they felt they would be better able to continue in America.
- Therefore, the merchants decided to transfer their
headquarters to America. Led by John Winthrop, who
was elected governor in October 1629, the Puritans set
off towards New England in 1630 on the Arbella. On the
way, Winthrop explained his vision for the colony in a
sermon, “The Model of Christian Charity.”
- Like the Pilgrims, he also stressed community, equality,
and their covenant w/God, which required them to create
a model “city upon a hill.” Later on, more formal
institutions echoed the ideals expressed in the speech,
for the General Court, which originally governed the
Company, was changed into a colonial legislature. Soon
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2014 for the course APUSH AP United taught by Professor Orban during the Fall '10 term at Harrison High School, Harrison.
- Fall '10