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Unformatted text preview: South actually started
industrializing during the war. Southern women also had to take over tasks
formerly reserved for men (like managing the
farm, new jobs, etc.) – which pleased some
women but annoyed others. Then there was the whole food issue – there just
wasn’t enough of it, mainly b/c of labor shortages
[other goods were hard to get as well] –
tremendous inflation resulted. 123 Social tensions also increased due to the
unfairness of the draft system.
- Wait, what? Slaves? This was a war about slavery?
You wouldn’t have guessed it given the way both Lincoln
and Davis avoided mentioning the topic for the first
months – Lincoln b/c of the border states and Republican
Party, and Davis b/c of the class conflicts [not all
Southerners had slaves, remember].
- Lincoln’s refusal to address the issue didn’t go over too
well w/blacks and abolitionists, though, so in March 1862
he first proposed that states consider emancipation on
their own [aid was promised, as was compensation for
slaveholders and colonization of former slaves in Africa].
This colonization scheme stuck around until 1864 –
again, not cool w/blacks and abolitionists.
- Some Radicals Republicans (George Julian, Charles
Sumner, Thaddeus Stevens), however, had other plans
– they created a special House-Senate committee on the
war to pressure Congress, and then they pushed 2
confiscation acts through – in August 1861 [slaves used
in hostile actions could be seized] and in July 1862
[property of rebels confiscated, so slaves freed in South].
- But Lincoln stood by his voluntary gradual emancipation
deal [Horace Greeley protested this in “The Prayer of
Twenty Millions”] until after the Battle of Antiedam. Then,
in the famous Emancipation Proclamation, which took
effect on New Year’s Day, 1863 (and some say “nothing
changes on New Year’s Day”) he freed all the slaves in
the states in rebellion against the US.
124 - The EP was actually more of a threat to the South, and
was still sort of ambiguous, the message was clear to
many – and it defined the war as one against slavery. It
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2014 for the course APUSH AP United taught by Professor Orban during the Fall '10 term at Harrison High School, Harrison.
- Fall '10