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Unformatted text preview: kshank (1876) – this ruling hurt the
enforcement clause of the 14th Amendment by
once again declaring that the duty of protecting
citizens’ rights was the states’ alone.
- Reconstruction was finally put out its misery after the
disputed Presidential Election of 1876, which pitted NY
Democrat Samuel J. Tilden against Republican
Rutherford B. Hayes. Votes in several states were
disputed, so an electoral commission was established
that was to be balanced between Democrats and
Republicans. But after one independent refused his
appointment, a regular Republican took his place.
- Therefore, if Congress accepted the commission’s
results Hayes was obviously going to be the next
President. Southerners even threatened to fight, but they
finally agreed based on a deal that Hayes would be
President if Reconstruction would end and the North
would give the South economic aid.
The Machine Age (1877 – 1920)
*Famous Inventors and Their New Technologies*
139 - From 1860 to 1900 a second, more complete wave of
industrialization swept the country, this time focusing on
new inventions such as electricity rather than the already
explored steam power. Some memorable people
involved in this were… Thomas Edison [“The Wizard of Menlo Park”] –
Edison first set up his lab in Menlo Park in 1876,
and in 1878 he formed the Edison Electrical
Company, which was responsible for the
invention of the light bulb, the generator, and
many other appliances that utilized electricity.
Edison was also memorable for his self-promotion
and publicity efforts. George Westinghouse – Westinghouse
discovered how to use alternating current and
transformers to transmit electricity over long
distances. This made Edison’s generators
feasible power sources. Westinghouse also
devised an air break for RRD cars. Granville Woods [“The Black Edison”] – Woods
patented 35 electronics/communications things,
including the electromagnetic brake and
automatic circuit breaker. He sold them to GE. Henry Ford – In the 1...
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- Fall '10