This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.
Unformatted text preview: states decided was that
constitutions would be written by special conventions,
which were elected throughout the early 1780s. After the
constitutions were written they were submitted to voters
- The state constitutions concentrated on the distribution
and limitation of gov’t power – American’s experiences
w/Britain determined this in a big way as, back in the
colony days, Americans had learned to have a phobia of
centralized authority [governor].
- So, they gave the governor little independent authority,
limited his term of office and the # of times he could
serve and expanded the powers of the legislature.
Overall, they focused a lot more on protecting the
citizens than on making the gov’t effective. In fact, the
gov’ts turned out so weak most of them had to be
rewritten during the war [governor got more power,
legislature got less].
- Through the process of revising the constitutions many
politicians began developing the good ol’ theory of
checks and balances, which was later embodied in the
*The Articles of Confederation*
- Unfortunately, the principles that were developed on the
state level were not implemented on the nat’l level for a
while. First, during the war, the powers of the Continental
Congress simply evolved by default – it wasn’t until 177
that Congress sent the Articles of Confederation (which 51 was just a written out version of the makeshift
arrangements of the CC) to the states for ratification.
- So what was the Articles of Confederation gov’t
anyhow? It provided for a unicameral legislature where
states could send a certain number of delegates
that would then vote as a unit. The legislature could: declare war, make peace,
sign treaties, borrow $, organize a post office,
establish an army and navy, issue bonds and
manage Western lands. The legislature couldn’t: draft soldiers, regulate
interstate commerce, enforce treaties, and collect
taxes. A 2/3rds majority was required to pass legislation
and a unanimous vote was need for amendment. There was no executive and no national judiciary.
The national government also had no power over
the state governments. States could deal directly
View Full Document
This note was uploaded on 04/02/2014 for the course APUSH AP United taught by Professor Orban during the Fall '10 term at Harrison High School, Harrison.
- Fall '10