Overall they focused a lot more on protecting the

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Unformatted text preview: states decided was that constitutions would be written by special conventions, which were elected throughout the early 1780s. After the constitutions were written they were submitted to voters for ratification. - The state constitutions concentrated on the distribution and limitation of gov’t power – American’s experiences w/Britain determined this in a big way as, back in the colony days, Americans had learned to have a phobia of centralized authority [governor]. - So, they gave the governor little independent authority, limited his term of office and the # of times he could serve and expanded the powers of the legislature. Overall, they focused a lot more on protecting the citizens than on making the gov’t effective. In fact, the gov’ts turned out so weak most of them had to be rewritten during the war [governor got more power, legislature got less]. - Through the process of revising the constitutions many politicians began developing the good ol’ theory of checks and balances, which was later embodied in the 1787 Constitution. *The Articles of Confederation* - Unfortunately, the principles that were developed on the state level were not implemented on the nat’l level for a while. First, during the war, the powers of the Continental Congress simply evolved by default – it wasn’t until 177 that Congress sent the Articles of Confederation (which 51 was just a written out version of the makeshift arrangements of the CC) to the states for ratification. - So what was the Articles of Confederation gov’t anyhow? It provided for a unicameral legislature where states could send a certain number of delegates that would then vote as a unit. The legislature could: declare war, make peace, sign treaties, borrow $, organize a post office, establish an army and navy, issue bonds and manage Western lands. The legislature couldn’t: draft soldiers, regulate interstate commerce, enforce treaties, and collect taxes. A 2/3rds majority was required to pass legislation and a unanimous vote was need for amendment. There was no executive and no national judiciary. The national government also had no power over the state governments. States could deal directly w/other countries...
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2014 for the course APUSH AP United taught by Professor Orban during the Fall '10 term at Harrison High School, Harrison.

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