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Unformatted text preview: nued his demagogic attacks, and
Eisenhower avoided confronting him lest it split the
Republican Party. Additionally… Eisenhower attacked communists himself though
a 1953 executive order that allowed federal
workers to be dismissed as “security risks.” Communist Control Act (1954): This act, which
received widespread bipartisan support,
effectively made membership in the CP illegal. Army-McCarthy Hearings (1954): McCarthy finally
fell after he attacked the US army. In the
hearings, his vile treatment of witnesses and
general obnoxiousness got him condemned for
sullying the dignity of the Senate.
- E/t McCarthy finally fell the hysteria had already taken
its toll on the American tradition of free speech.
*The Civil Rights Movement*
- The Cold War ended helping the civil rights movement
b/c the US couldn’t make a big fuss about human rights if
232 it didn’t live up to its own ideals either. Additionally, the
blacks that had migrated to the cities in WWII began to
control the political “balance of power” in the cities, and
thus became important.
- Subsequently Truman (in addition to genuinely
believing in civil rights) had reasons to support it – in
1946, he created the President’s Committee on Civil
Rights, which basically summed up the civil rights
movement in their report To Secure These Rights (1947)
– i.e. anti-lynching & anti-segregation laws.
- Congress, however, didn’t act on the Committee’s
suggestions – e/t Truman did in the end issue two
executive orders ending discrimination in the federal
gov’t: one was on fair employment (Employment Board of
the Civil Service Commission), and the other
desegregated the army (another committee to oversee).
- A series of SC decisions also helped African
Americans… NAACP’s Legal Defense Fund (Thurgood
Marshall & Charles Hamilton Houston) worked
against the separate but equal policies and got
many blacks into universities. Smith v. Allwright (1944) – White-only Democratic
Primaries in some states were outlawed. Morgan v. Virginia (1946) – No more segregation
in interstate bus transportation. Shelley v....
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2014 for the course APUSH AP United taught by Professor Orban during the Fall '10 term at Harrison High School, Harrison.
- Fall '10