Per capita real income adjusted for inflation jumped

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Unformatted text preview: nued his demagogic attacks, and Eisenhower avoided confronting him lest it split the Republican Party. Additionally… Eisenhower attacked communists himself though a 1953 executive order that allowed federal workers to be dismissed as “security risks.” Communist Control Act (1954): This act, which received widespread bipartisan support, effectively made membership in the CP illegal. Army-McCarthy Hearings (1954): McCarthy finally fell after he attacked the US army. In the hearings, his vile treatment of witnesses and general obnoxiousness got him condemned for sullying the dignity of the Senate. - E/t McCarthy finally fell the hysteria had already taken its toll on the American tradition of free speech. *The Civil Rights Movement* - The Cold War ended helping the civil rights movement b/c the US couldn’t make a big fuss about human rights if 232 it didn’t live up to its own ideals either. Additionally, the blacks that had migrated to the cities in WWII began to control the political “balance of power” in the cities, and thus became important. - Subsequently Truman (in addition to genuinely believing in civil rights) had reasons to support it – in 1946, he created the President’s Committee on Civil Rights, which basically summed up the civil rights movement in their report To Secure These Rights (1947) – i.e. anti-lynching & anti-segregation laws. - Congress, however, didn’t act on the Committee’s suggestions – e/t Truman did in the end issue two executive orders ending discrimination in the federal gov’t: one was on fair employment (Employment Board of the Civil Service Commission), and the other desegregated the army (another committee to oversee). - A series of SC decisions also helped African Americans… NAACP’s Legal Defense Fund (Thurgood Marshall & Charles Hamilton Houston) worked against the separate but equal policies and got many blacks into universities. Smith v. Allwright (1944) – White-only Democratic Primaries in some states were outlawed. Morgan v. Virginia (1946) – No more segregation in interstate bus transportation. Shelley v....
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2014 for the course APUSH AP United taught by Professor Orban during the Fall '10 term at Harrison High School, Harrison.

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