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Unformatted text preview: onary ideology. Even in the North there was a
concern for property, which was why it was gradual, not
immediate…but in the South, it was out of the question.
- Nevertheless, the number of free blacks grew a lot after
the Revolution due to escapes during the war, slaves
serving in the army, or slaves being freed by their owners
(in the Chesapeake this was due to economic changes
such as the shift from tobacco to grain, which was less
- The freed slaves mostly migrated towards Northern
cities, but even there emancipation didn’t bring equality,
49 as laws discriminated against blacks. So blacks formed
their own institutions (schools, churches, etc.) and joined
together in semi-separate communities.
*The Development of Racist Theory*
- The post-revolutionary years also saw the development
of a formal racist theory, as Southerners needed an
excuse for not including African Americans in the whole
“all men are created equal” deal.
- So instead of (as they had before) stating slaves were
inferior b/c of environmental factors, they now decided
they were inherently inferior b/c Africans were somehow
less than fully human.
- The concept of “race” consequently became applied to
skin color for the first time. This not only unified whites
and blurred class distinctions between them, but also led
to the creation of a certain set of characteristics
(laziness, dishonesty, sexual promiscuity) that became
associated with all blacks.
- From the start, then, the republic was seen as a white
male enterprise – some historians have even stated that
subjugation of other groups was necessary for the
creation of white solidarity, others have contended that
drawing the racial lines lessened the danger of poor
white men joining w/slaves in questioning the elite.
*The Creation of Republican State Governments*
- In May 1776 the Second Continental Congress ordered
states to create republican gov’ts to replace the
provincial congresses that had been in power since 50 1774. So began the process of forming the first state
- The first thing most...
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- Fall '10