This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.
Unformatted text preview: d in
1680 under Popé. Although Spain regained control in
1692 the governors changed tactics and became more
cooperative. Spain also expanded their territory by
establishing military outposts and missions to the east
- In the English colonies [both New England and the
Chesapeake], however, problems didn’t start b/c of trade
[New France] or religion [New Mexico] but simply b/c of
*New England – King Phillip’s War*
- In New England, the expanding population resulted
mainly from natural increase, rather than from
immigration, which slowed down greatly after the
outbreak of the Civil War in 1642. But b/c of the good
conditions and large families, the population had tripled
by the 1670s through natural increase alone.
- The increase created a need for land, and settlement
began to spread farther into Massachusetts and
Connecticut, and even north to New Hampshire and
Maine. Other families gave up on agriculture altogether
and took up skills like blacksmithing or carpentry.
- Nevertheless, settlements gradually came to surround
the lands of the Pokanokets, whose chief, King Phillip,
was the son of Massasoit [welcomed the Pilgrims].
Concerned by the loss of land and the impact of
Christianity, King Phillip began attacking settlements in
15 June 1675. Other Algonquians joined, and even the
more well established villages began to face attacks in
1676 [Plymouth and Providence].
- But the tide turned in the summer of 1676, when the
Indians began to lack supplies and the colonists began
using Christian Indians as guides. After the Mohawks
[enemies of the Algonquians] helped by attacking a major
Wampanoag camp on June 12 and King Phillip died in
August, the colonists emerged victorious and started
selling the captured Indians into slavery. The power of
the coastal tribes was broken.
- It’s important to note that the victory came w/a cost –
1/10th of the male population was killed or wounded,
towns were devastated, and the economy didn’t reach
pre-1675 levels until the American Revolution.
*The Chesapeake – Bacon’s Rebellion...
View Full Document
- Fall '10