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Unformatted text preview: temporarily stopped
the annexation process, but once Hawaii got attn.
again during the SACFW [you’ll see] McKinley got
it though as the Newlands Resolution .
Hawaiians were given citizenship in 1900 and
statehood in 1959. Venezuela – In 1895 Venezuela asked for US
help regarding a border dispute w/GB. We gave
the British a big lecture on leaving LA alone, and
then in 1896 an Anglo-American board divided the
territory up w/o consulting Venezuela. Cuba – Cuba had battled Spain for independence
intermittently since 1868, and in 1895 another
revolution led by Jose Marti broke out. As usual,
the US had acquired strong economic interests in
the region [one of the causes of the revolution
was the Wilson-Gorman Tariff, which taxed their
176 sugar, hurting the economy]. So when the
revolution led to destruction of sugar fields and
such, it killed trade, leading to US sympathy for
Cuba (Spain’s brutal policies were another factor).
Naturally the yellow journalists had a field day
feeding war fever. The last straw was the
accidental explosion of the US ship Maine, which
journalists blamed on Spain, and a letter found by
the NY Journal criticizing McKinley. McKinley then
sent Spain an ultimatum – Spain made
concessions – but McKinley went ahead and
asked to use force anyway. So on April 19, 1897
Congress declared Cuba free and allowed the use
of authority to remove Spain. Though the Teller
Amendment claimed we weren’t interested in
annexation, McKinley still didn’t let us recognize
the rebel gov’t [they might need US tutoring first].
- That, of course, leads to the…
*The Spanish-American-Cuban-Filipino War [SACFW]
and its Aftermath*
- E/t Spain seemed somewhat ready to compromise, it
pretty much wasn’t going to work out b/c the Cubans only
wanted full independence, which Spain wasn’t going to
give them at all and the US didn’t want so much either
b/c the new gov’t might try to reduce our interests there.
- Just to quickly recap – why were we interested in w...
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- Fall '10