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Unformatted text preview: m [pacifist
Progressives], Carnegie Endowment for Internat’l
Peace [Carnegie & Ford were both anti-war] and the
- The anti-war advocates were big on the fact that war:
(1) kills young people, (2) fosters repression, (3) is not
moral [no kidding] and (3) lets business moguls make big
$ at expense of the little guys.
- In 1916, in fact, even Wilson claimed to be anti-war,
running [and winning] the Presidential Election of 1916
on a promise to keep out of the conflict. In early 1917, he
tried one last time to bring peace via a conference table,
but it didn’t work. 183 - The straw(s) that broke the camel’s back – the two
major short-term causes were: Germany started unrestricted sub warfare,
gambling that it could wipe out the Allies before
the US could bring troops across to Europe. The Zimmerman Telegram was intercepted in
February 1917. The telegram asked Mexico to
join an alliance against the US in exchange for
help recovering territories lost in the MexicanAmerican war. Naturally, this didn’t go over too
well w/Wilson, and it went over even less well with
the press once it was released.
- Wilson first asked for “armed neutrality,” but anti-war
Senators filibustered the bill out, so Wilson ended up
calling Congress into special session on April 2, 1917.
After naming US grievances [violation of freedom of the
seas, disruption of commerce, the Mexico deal, etc.],
Wilson finally got his declaration of war passed. So,
brimming w/idealism [Wilson planned to reform the
world], we entered WWI on April 6.
*Winning the War*
- E/t anti-war Senators had tried to prevent it the US had
been getting ready for war even before it was declared
through acts like the National Defense Act of 1916 and
the Navy Act of 1916, which provided for the largest
naval expansion in US history.
- After the declaration of war, Congress passed the
Selective Service Act, requiring all males between 21
and 30 (changed to 18 and 45 later) to register. Critics
felt the measure would lead to excessive mili...
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- Fall '10