Still the wib worked closely wcorporations and big

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Unformatted text preview: m [pacifist Progressives], Carnegie Endowment for Internat’l Peace [Carnegie & Ford were both anti-war] and the Sot party. - The anti-war advocates were big on the fact that war: (1) kills young people, (2) fosters repression, (3) is not moral [no kidding] and (3) lets business moguls make big $ at expense of the little guys. - In 1916, in fact, even Wilson claimed to be anti-war, running [and winning] the Presidential Election of 1916 on a promise to keep out of the conflict. In early 1917, he tried one last time to bring peace via a conference table, but it didn’t work. 183 - The straw(s) that broke the camel’s back – the two major short-term causes were: Germany started unrestricted sub warfare, gambling that it could wipe out the Allies before the US could bring troops across to Europe. The Zimmerman Telegram was intercepted in February 1917. The telegram asked Mexico to join an alliance against the US in exchange for help recovering territories lost in the MexicanAmerican war. Naturally, this didn’t go over too well w/Wilson, and it went over even less well with the press once it was released. - Wilson first asked for “armed neutrality,” but anti-war Senators filibustered the bill out, so Wilson ended up calling Congress into special session on April 2, 1917. After naming US grievances [violation of freedom of the seas, disruption of commerce, the Mexico deal, etc.], Wilson finally got his declaration of war passed. So, brimming w/idealism [Wilson planned to reform the world], we entered WWI on April 6. *Winning the War* - E/t anti-war Senators had tried to prevent it the US had been getting ready for war even before it was declared through acts like the National Defense Act of 1916 and the Navy Act of 1916, which provided for the largest naval expansion in US history. - After the declaration of war, Congress passed the Selective Service Act, requiring all males between 21 and 30 (changed to 18 and 45 later) to register. Critics felt the measure would lead to excessive mili...
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