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Unformatted text preview: reakers were also hired. Finally Hayes sent
federal troops to quell the unrest. After 1877, the
union movement really began picking up speed.
Trade unions, which specialized in skilled workers
in particular crafts, had been around for years, but
no real organizations of nat’l scope survived the
panic except for the Knights of Labor. Haymarket Riot [May 1, 1886]: In Chicago,
several groups joined for the campaign for an 8hour workday and organized mass strikes and
labor demonstrations. Workers involved included
the craft unions as well as anarchists.
Consequently, in response to an outbreak of
police brutality a bomb was set off in Haymarket
Square [presumably by anarchists], resulting in
the arrest of 8 immigrant radicals, some of who
were pardoned. The HR led to increased paranoia
with respect to anarchism and labor. July 1892: AFL-affiliated Iron and Steelworkers
Association went on strike in Pennsylvania,
causing Henry Frick to close the plant and hire
Pinkerton detectives to defend it. Although the
strikers eventually gave in, it gave the union more
bad PR due to workers attacking, etc. Pullman Strike : To protest Pullman’s
policies in his company town, workers walked out
at the factory. Pullman would not negotiate, so
workers for the American Railway Union called a
145 strike. Pullman closed the factory; the Union
[Eugene V. Debs] refused to handle Pullman
cars; and finally a court injunction was used to
stop the strike.
- Important workers’ organizations: Knights of Labor: Founded in 1869 by Terence
V. Powderly, the KOL welcomed all unskilled and
semiskilled workers on a nat’l level. The basic
ideology of the KOL was pretty utopian: i.e. they
wanted to get rid of capitalism in favor of a
“cooperative workers’ alliance” in which workers
worked for themselves. Consequently, the KOL
refused to strike, b/c it would go against the
“cooperative” idea. As a result of their cooperative
policies, the KOL lost influence, esp. after, in
1886, a strike began among a sector of the KOL
against RRD boss Jay Gould to protest cut
wages. Powderly met with...
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2014 for the course APUSH AP United taught by Professor Orban during the Fall '10 term at Harrison High School, Harrison.
- Fall '10