The afl joined the nwlb but the socialists and iww

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Unformatted text preview: tarism, but 184 supporters countered that it would lead to good, healthy patriotism. - Most draftees were white, poorly-educated Americans in their early 20s – some African Americans signed up and were assigned to segregated units [they faced a lot of discrimination in the army too] and Native Americans joined as well. There were some draft evaders, and many filed in as conscientious-objectors. - American organizations like the Commission on Training Camp Activities, etc. attempted to keep soldiers healthy and moral during the war, but soldiers faced trench warfare, poison gas, and the horrors of the new weapons technology. - Still, Americans managed to turn the tide against the Germans, esp. after the Allied victory in July 1918 at the Second Battle of the Marne, which was followed by a huge Allied offense that forced Germany into an armistice on November 11, 1918. *America on the Home Front: Economic Change* - E/t the US wasn’t at war for long, the war [temporarily] created a vastly different society in which the gov’t spend a lot more money and exercised more control over the economy. Several important economic developments resulted from WWI war production, as follows: Business-Government Cooperation – The war ushered in a new era of business/gov’t cooperation. Early on, the gov’t relied on industrial committees for advice on purchases/prices, but after they turned out to be corrupt in July 1917, the War Industries Board replaced them. Still, the WIB worked closely w/corporations, and big 185 business grew due to the suspension of antitrust laws and gov’t-industry contracts. New Gov’t Economic Agencies – As follows: War Industries Board – Headed by Bernard Baruch, the WIB coordinated the nat’l economy by making purchases, allocating supplies, and fixing prices. It also ordered the standardization of goods. Not allpowerful, though, b/c there had to be lots of compromising w/the big corporations. Food Administration – Led by Herbert Hoover, the FA had voluntary programs [like the “victory gardens”...
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2014 for the course APUSH AP United taught by Professor Orban during the Fall '10 term at Harrison High School, Harrison.

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