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Unformatted text preview: ourse, there were also sots and the new
Communist Party of the US, which had changed its
strategy to supporting a “Popular Front” instead of trying
to overthrow the gov’t.
- The biggest threat to the ND, though, was actually the
Supreme Court, which felt the new legislation gave the
President too much power. So in Schechter v. US (1935)
206 they got rid of the NIRA (federal gov’t has no right to
regulate intrastate business), and in US v. Butler the AAA
was invalidated for the same reason.
*The Second New Deal and Roosevelt’s Second Term*
- As the election of 1936 approached, FDR was worried
that his ND coalition was breaking up, so he decided to
take the initiative again in 1935 and pass a bunch of new
laws now referred to as the Second New Deal. The SND
differed from the first b/c it bashed business more instead
of cooperating w/it.
- Programs in the Second New Deal included: Emergency Relief Appropriation Act – Let the
President establish big public works programs for
the unemployed, like the Resettlement
Administration, Rural Electrification
Administration, and the Nat’l Youth
Administration. Works Progress/Projects Administration (WPA) –
Funded by the ERAA, the WPA was a major
public works organization and also sponsored
cultural programs that brought art to the people by
employing artists, ex. Federal Writers Program,
which was accused by some as being left-wing
propaganda (since most involved were decidedly
to the left). National Labor Relations (Wagner) Act – This act
established the National Labor Relations Board,
which was empowered to guarantee democratic
union elections and stop unfair labor practices,
like the firing of union members. 207 Social Security Act – This act established old-age
insurance in which workers paid taxes out of their
wages, which were then matched by their
employers and stored for use as benefits starting
at age 65. The act also included other
federal/state welfare programs. Public Utility Holding Company (WheelerRayburn)...
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2014 for the course APUSH AP United taught by Professor Orban during the Fall '10 term at Harrison High School, Harrison.
- Fall '10