The expansion of the new england colonies three types

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Unformatted text preview: nough, the system was complete w/a governor and full two-house legislature. *The Expansion of the New England Colonies* - Three types of towns developed in New England: agricultural towns that attempted to sustain Winthrop’s communalist ideas, seaports/trading centers, and commercialized agriculture towns. - Furthermore, the colonists spread out over the years, founding Connecticut (1636), New Haven (1638), and New Hampshire (1638). But migration inevitably led to conflicts with the Indians. For instance, the first colonists to move to Connecticut under Thomas Hooker faced the 9 Pequots, who realized that the arrival of the colonists would threaten their role as middlemen between other Indian groups and the Europeans. - The Pequot War began with the death of two English traders [not by Pequots], which caused an English raid on a Pequot village. The Pequots then attacked in April 1637, and a Massachusetts Bay expedition responded by burning the main Pequot town and pretty much wiping them out. - For the next 30 years the Indians allowed the Europeans to spread over their territory, although they never blended into European society and most colonist didn’t bother trying to convert them, with the exception of John Eliot [who wasn’t really successful anyhow b/c he demanded the Indians totally reject their roots]. *Contrasting Lifestyles in the Chesapeake and in New England* - Not surprisingly, due to climactic and cultural reasons, life was very different in the two sections of the country. The most significant differences include… The importance of religion – It was not until the 1690s that the Church of England really took root in Virginia, and even then it was never an essential part of society. In New England, though, religion was central to all aspects of life; strict moral codes prevailed and anyone who disagreed with the established religious orthodoxy could be kicked out – ex. Roger Williams, who founded Providence, Rhode Island (1637) b/c he was exiled for promoting separation of church and state, an...
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