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Unformatted text preview: nough, the system was complete w/a governor and full
*The Expansion of the New England Colonies*
- Three types of towns developed in New England:
agricultural towns that attempted to sustain Winthrop’s
communalist ideas, seaports/trading centers, and
commercialized agriculture towns.
- Furthermore, the colonists spread out over the years,
founding Connecticut (1636), New Haven (1638), and
New Hampshire (1638). But migration inevitably led to
conflicts with the Indians. For instance, the first colonists
to move to Connecticut under Thomas Hooker faced the
9 Pequots, who realized that the arrival of the colonists
would threaten their role as middlemen between other
Indian groups and the Europeans.
- The Pequot War began with the death of two English
traders [not by Pequots], which caused an English raid
on a Pequot village. The Pequots then attacked in April
1637, and a Massachusetts Bay expedition responded by
burning the main Pequot town and pretty much wiping
- For the next 30 years the Indians allowed the
Europeans to spread over their territory, although they
never blended into European society and most colonist
didn’t bother trying to convert them, with the exception of
John Eliot [who wasn’t really successful anyhow b/c he
demanded the Indians totally reject their roots].
*Contrasting Lifestyles in the Chesapeake and in New
- Not surprisingly, due to climactic and cultural reasons,
life was very different in the two sections of the country.
The most significant differences include… The importance of religion – It was not until the
1690s that the Church of England really took root
in Virginia, and even then it was never an
essential part of society. In New England, though,
religion was central to all aspects of life; strict
moral codes prevailed and anyone who disagreed
with the established religious orthodoxy could be
kicked out – ex. Roger Williams, who founded
Providence, Rhode Island (1637) b/c he was
exiled for promoting separation of church and
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- Fall '10