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commanders attacked after being notified by Lincoln a
ship was arriving to resupply the fort. The fort
surrendered, the war began, and four more states joined
the Confederacy – Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee
- The next battle took place on July 21, 1861 at Bull Run
– to the shock of the Union picnickers watching the
battle, General “Stonewall” Jackson sent Union troops
fleeing back towards Washington.
- In the last half of 1861 the only changes were really
made in the sea, where the Union won some coastal
victories, setting off a stream of runway slaves in the
nearby areas. 120 *1862: Initial Battles*
- In February 1862 Ulysses S. Grant won some
important victories for the Union in the land and rivers of
Tennessee at the battles of Fort Henry and Fort
Donelson. These triumphs opened paths into
Tennessee, Alabama and Mississippi.
- Grant continued into Tennessee, fighting the first superbloody battle of the war, the Battle of Shiloh, on April 6.
Neither side won, but casualties for both sides were
- On the Virginia front, McClellan was stalling for time
(not in favor of all out war, liked preparing armies, not
using them). Although he was w/in 7 miles of the
Confederate capital by June 1, Lee kicked his butt in the
Seven Days Battles (June 26 – July 1) and sent him
back to the James River.
- Lee’s victory psyched Jefferson Davis up, and he
ordered a general offensive (while at the same time
calling for the support of the border states).
- But the plan didn’t work, largely b/c of the Battle of
Antiedam (the bloodiest day of the entire war) on
September 17, 1862, where McClellan turned Lee back
out of Maryland (but was subsequently replaced by
Lincoln for not going after the enemy more). The South
also lost in Tennessee, and had to give up the offensive
due to a lack of resources.
- Another noteworthy battle of spring 1862: the
Merrimack (Confederacy) vs. Monitor (Union) deal, which
is important b/c it was the first clash of ironclad ships
*The Initial Effects of the War*
121 - The North changed a great deal during wartime… Although business was shocked by the advent of
the war [relations...
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- Fall '10