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start sending weapons and advisers to the
French. More on this later…
- Then there was the whole Korean War issue, which
bears going into. The KW began as a civil war in 1950
when North Korea moved across into South Korea (the
two parts had been divided in 1945 w/US & USSR
approval). Both leaders hoped to reunify the nation, but
Truman thought that the USSR had planned the whole 242 thing (he hadn’t really, and had barely been convinced to
help at all).
- Anyway, the United Nations then voted on helping
South Korea, and since Stalin wasn’t there (he had
walked out b/c of the China deal) it went through.
MacArthur became commander of UN forces (90% US),
and they fought until they not only passed the original
boundary but went into NK (hoping to reunify).
- UN forces went deep into NK until they were stooped by
a surprise counterattack by Chinese forces. This sent
them back to the 38th parallel (original boundary) and e/t
MacArthur wanted to go fight China, Truman told him off
and then fired him as a result.
- Fighting went on as the POW issue stalled negotiations
(US officials said only the prisoners that wanted to go
back would be returned, and NK countered by saying
they wouldn’t return anyone). An armistice was finally
signed in 1953 – the POW question was handed over to
a board of neutral nations, who ended up giving the
prisoners their choice, and the border went to the 38th
parallel again w/a demilitarized zone.
- Domestically, the war helped get Eisenhower elected,
and also gave the President more power, since he had
never asked Congress for a declaration of war prior to
sending the troops.
- Overall, Truman’s legacy was a very militarized foreign
“containment” policy on a global scale.
*The Cold War under Eisenhower*
- Eisenhower basically kept up Truman’s policies and
made sure the more hawkish (to say the least) John
Foster Dulles (Secretary of State) didn’t get out of
243 control. Dulles was totally anti-communist (and anticompromise) and called for “liberation” (instead of
containment) & “brinksmanship” (taking the country to the
edge of war and relying on MAD),...
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- Fall '10