Unformatted text preview: ese also weren’t so happy about the fact that we
excluded them from coming to the US in 1924.
- So commercial and military rivalry between the US and
Japan continued. Things got even worse in 1931 when
the Japanese seized Manchuria. We didn’t have enough
power to stop them, the LON did nothing, and they got
away with it. Our only response was the Stimson
Doctrine – we won’t recognize any impairment of
China’s sovereignty, but we won’t talk about enforcement
b/c we can’t.
- Then in 1937 the Sino-Japanese War began. FDR got
away with giving arms to China by refusing to
acknowledge the existence of war. FDR also made a
speech in 1937 calling for a “quarantine” to stop the
“epidemic of world lawlessness” – a definite shift towards
more interventionist policies, in theory.
- In practice, though, after the Japanese “accidentally”
sank the Panay in December, we just waited for Tokyo to
apologize. For them, it was just a test of how ready and
willing we were to fight.
- Anyhow, the whole idea of Japan’s Greater Asia CoProsperity Sphere and “New Order” scared the crap out
of us, so we continued to give loans and munitions to
China and embargoed shipments of airplanes to Japan.
However, we kept shipping them other stuff, even up to
219 *1931 – 1941: Things Get Ugly*
- Even in 1939, most Americans wanted to remain at
peace. There was an unusually high level of public
interest, and more Americans than ever spoke out on
foreign policy, mainly b/c of radio, and the ethnic
affiliations of immigrants.
- Gradually, however, especially with the fall of France in
June 1940, Americans began to change their minds
(mainly liberals). FDR tried one last time to bring
everyone to the peace table, but still waited for some
incident to bring us in to the war. In 1940, he ran with
promises of peace.
- In the meantime, he helped the Allies by selling surplus
military equipment to them. He also passed the
Selective Training and Service Act, the first peacetime
draft. Mainly, though, he claimed i...
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- Fall '10