The main issues were the opening of a second front

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Unformatted text preview: ese also weren’t so happy about the fact that we excluded them from coming to the US in 1924. - So commercial and military rivalry between the US and Japan continued. Things got even worse in 1931 when the Japanese seized Manchuria. We didn’t have enough power to stop them, the LON did nothing, and they got away with it. Our only response was the Stimson Doctrine – we won’t recognize any impairment of China’s sovereignty, but we won’t talk about enforcement b/c we can’t. - Then in 1937 the Sino-Japanese War began. FDR got away with giving arms to China by refusing to acknowledge the existence of war. FDR also made a speech in 1937 calling for a “quarantine” to stop the “epidemic of world lawlessness” – a definite shift towards more interventionist policies, in theory. - In practice, though, after the Japanese “accidentally” sank the Panay in December, we just waited for Tokyo to apologize. For them, it was just a test of how ready and willing we were to fight. - Anyhow, the whole idea of Japan’s Greater Asia CoProsperity Sphere and “New Order” scared the crap out of us, so we continued to give loans and munitions to China and embargoed shipments of airplanes to Japan. However, we kept shipping them other stuff, even up to 1939. 219 *1931 – 1941: Things Get Ugly* - Even in 1939, most Americans wanted to remain at peace. There was an unusually high level of public interest, and more Americans than ever spoke out on foreign policy, mainly b/c of radio, and the ethnic affiliations of immigrants. - Gradually, however, especially with the fall of France in June 1940, Americans began to change their minds (mainly liberals). FDR tried one last time to bring everyone to the peace table, but still waited for some incident to bring us in to the war. In 1940, he ran with promises of peace. - In the meantime, he helped the Allies by selling surplus military equipment to them. He also passed the Selective Training and Service Act, the first peacetime draft. Mainly, though, he claimed i...
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