The plans were as follows virginia plan embodied

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Unformatted text preview: ’t tyrannical, using language reminiscent of the Declaration of Independence. - This was the last straw in convincing many a strong central gov’t was necessary, so in May 1787 every state ex. Rhode Island sent delegates to a Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia. *Debates and Compromises at the Constitutional Convention* - Although most of the delegates to the CC were men of property who favored reforms that would give the nat’l gov’t more authority over taxation and foreign trade, and many were also involved in the creation of their state constitutions, they still had some differences in opinion… - For instance, after James Madison proposed the Virginia Plan, delegates from smaller states came up with the New Jersey Plan. The plans were as follows: Virginia Plan – embodied Madison’s idea of a strong nat’l gov’t and provided for a bicameral legislature (lower house elected by people, upper elected by lower) with representation proportional to population, an executive elected by Congress, a nat’l judiciary, and a Congressional veto over state laws. New Jersey Plan – was a response to the VP, especially by the small states (didn’t like the representation proportional to population deal) who felt the AOC shouldn’t be totally thrown out, just strengthened a little (unicameral legislature w/each state having an equal vote, only difference 57 is Congress gets new powers of taxation and trade regulation.) - The eventual compromise involved the creation of a bicameral legislature in which one house was to be directly elected by the people and the other house was to be elected by the state legislatures. Proportional representation was allowed for the lower house, but the upper house was eventually declared to be equal representation (2 senators, but they would vote as individuals, not as a block). - On the whole, congressional powers were more limited than in the VP but more flexible than in the NJP. The executive was given primary responsibility for foreign affairs and was designated the commander-in-chie...
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