Apush notes chapter 17

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Unformatted text preview: elt would provide much needed economic equality, did not win popular support b/c the North liked a limited gov’t. *Johnson and Congress Struggle for Control* - Johnson continued to oppose Congressional policies, so Congress began to pass a series of laws to extend its influence. For instance, it set the date for its own reconvening [unheard of] and limited Johnson’s power over the army by forcing him to issue orders through Grant alone, who couldn’t be fired w/o their approval. Most important was the Tenure of Office Act, which 133 gave the Senate power to approve changes in the Cabinet [designed to protect Secretary of War Stanton]. All of this was passed over Johnson’s vetoes. - In response, Johnson issued orders to commanders in the South limiting their powers, removed some of the best officers, and gave the governments he created in 1865 more power. Lastly, he tried to fire Stanton, which was the last straw as far as Congress was concerned. - Consequently, Congress impeached Johnson, indicting him for violating the Tenure of Office Act. He was tried in the Senate, where the Radicals tried to prove that he was guilty of high crimes and misdemeanors, but the measure failed to pass by one vote. Johnson stayed with only a few months left in his term. *The Presidential Election of 1868 and the Fifteenth Amendment* - In the Presidential Election of 1868 Union general Ulysses S. Grant ran against and defeated the New York Democrat Horatio Seymour. Although Grant was not a Radical, he supwported Congressional Reconstruction and black suffrage. On the other hand, the Democrats ran a white supremacist campaign. - Both sides used the war as a campaign tactic [waving the “bloody shirt”], but the Democrats unwisely associated themselves w/Johnson and the rebels, which contributed to their defeat. Additionally, black voters helped Grant emerge victorious. - But once in office, Grant was not the big time supporter of Reconstruction many had hoped he would be, as he never insisted on a f...
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2014 for the course APUSH AP United taught by Professor Orban during the Fall '10 term at Harrison High School, Harrison.

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