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Unformatted text preview: elt would provide much needed economic
equality, did not win popular support b/c the North liked a
*Johnson and Congress Struggle for Control*
- Johnson continued to oppose Congressional policies,
so Congress began to pass a series of laws to extend its
influence. For instance, it set the date for its own
reconvening [unheard of] and limited Johnson’s power
over the army by forcing him to issue orders through
Grant alone, who couldn’t be fired w/o their approval.
Most important was the Tenure of Office Act, which
133 gave the Senate power to approve changes in the
Cabinet [designed to protect Secretary of War Stanton].
All of this was passed over Johnson’s vetoes.
- In response, Johnson issued orders to commanders in
the South limiting their powers, removed some of the
best officers, and gave the governments he created in
1865 more power. Lastly, he tried to fire Stanton, which
was the last straw as far as Congress was concerned.
- Consequently, Congress impeached Johnson, indicting
him for violating the Tenure of Office Act. He was tried in
the Senate, where the Radicals tried to prove that he was
guilty of high crimes and misdemeanors, but the measure
failed to pass by one vote. Johnson stayed with only a
few months left in his term.
*The Presidential Election of 1868 and the Fifteenth
- In the Presidential Election of 1868 Union general
Ulysses S. Grant ran against and defeated the New
York Democrat Horatio Seymour. Although Grant was
not a Radical, he supwported Congressional
Reconstruction and black suffrage. On the other hand,
the Democrats ran a white supremacist campaign.
- Both sides used the war as a campaign tactic [waving
the “bloody shirt”], but the Democrats unwisely
associated themselves w/Johnson and the rebels, which
contributed to their defeat. Additionally, black voters
helped Grant emerge victorious.
- But once in office, Grant was not the big time supporter
of Reconstruction many had hoped he would be, as he
never insisted on a f...
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2014 for the course APUSH AP United taught by Professor Orban during the Fall '10 term at Harrison High School, Harrison.
- Fall '10