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Unformatted text preview: trategy. They
were as follows:
1. [1776 – late 1777] Containment in New England
– the British initially believed that the revolution
was basically a radical minority movement
centered in New England so they concentrated
their forces there. But then came The Battle of
Bunker Hill and…
2. [late 1777 – early 1778] Middle Colonies – the
British realized it was not going to be that easy, so
they shifted down into the middle colonies in an
attempt to divide the colonies by gaining control of
the Hudson River and Mohawk Valley. Then after
the debacle at Saratoga (1778), which also
caused the French to join the colonists b/c they
realized they actually had a chance, they gave up
on that and made a last ditch effort in…
3. [early 1778 – 1781] The South – they hoped to
get loyalist support and use supplies from the
West Indies to win in the South. They took
45 Charlestown, but since the French were there to
back the colonists up in the sea it didn’t help them
much. The very last stages of the war were very
bloody and desperate, culminating in Yorktown
(1781) where a trapped Cornwallis surrendered
and the war ended.
- There’s a lot more specific stuff on this but since we
don’t need to know it, who cares?
*1782: The Treaty of Paris*
- The Americans soon disregarded their instructions from
their leaders to follow the French b/c they [correctly]
realized that the French were not so much their allies as
they were Britain’s enemies, if you know what I mean.
- The gamble paid off, though, b/c with Ben Franklin
leading the negotiations the treaty, which was signed on
September 3, 1783 included their two must-have goals:
(1) recognition as an independent nation and (2) firm
national boundaries from the Mississippi to the Atlantic
and from Canada to Florida.
- Of their non-essential goals, they didn’t get the one
about (!) annexing Canada [you think] but did gain
access to the fisheries in Newfoundland [they had
requested access to all British fisheries in Canada].
- So, by 1...
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- Fall '10