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Unformatted text preview: Clay proposed
the Missouri Compromise – Maine would enter as a
free state [it was taken out of Massachusetts] and
Missouri would enter as a slave state, but in the rest of
the Louisiana Territory north of 36’30° slavery was
- The agreement worked but almost was destroyed in
November when Missouri’s constitution was found to bar
free blacks from entering. So Clay proposed a second
compromise in 1821 – Missouri wouldn’t discriminate
against citizens of other states. Once admitted to the
Union, Missouri ignored the compromise, but for the
short term conflict had once again been avoided.
*Foreign Policy During the Monroe Administration*
- Foreign policy during this period was placed in the
capable hands of John Quincy Adams, who served as
Secretary of State (1817 – 1825) and was a skillful
diplomat and negotiator. JQ was an expansionist who
pushed to obtain fishing rights for the US in the Atlantic,
political separation from Europe, and peace.
- Important post-war treaties under JQ include…
82 Rush-Bagot Treaty (1817) – agreement between
the US and GB to limit their naval forces in the
Great Lakes. It was the first modern disarmament
treaty and led to the eventual demilitarization of
the US-Canada border. Then, at the Convention
of 1818 the US-Canada border was fixed at the
49th parallel. Adams-Onis Treaty (1819) – agreement between
US and Spain that completed the US acquisition
of Florida [Northern border came from the
Pinckney treaty, Western border in 1810, and the
Northeast was invaded by Jackson in 1818, which
precipitated the Seminole Wars].
- Only one danger zone remained for the US after the
treaties, and that was Latin America. In 1822, the US
became the first non-Latin American nation to recognize
the newly formed countries – but JQ was quick to realize
that France would soon try to return the region to colonial
- GB also caught this and proposed a joint US-British
statement against European intervention in the area, but
JQ refused, insisting the US had to act independently.
- In December 1823 the Monroe...
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- Fall '10