Apush notes chapter 17

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Unformatted text preview: ritish groups (like the Germans or the Irish), it basically was a nationwide thing that cut across party, race, and class lines. - Some isolationists also charged that big business had self-interestedly promoted war back in WWI, and this led 217 to the Nye Committee Hearings (1934 – 1936), in which evidence was uncovered that showed corporations had bribed foreign politicians to buy more arms. - As a result, many grew suspicious of American business ties that could endanger neutrality this time around. This led to a series of new and improved neutrality acts that hoped to avoid the pitfalls that had caused involvement in WWI. As follows: Neutrality Act of 1935: Prohibited arms shipments to either side in a war once the president had declared the existence of belligerency. Neutrality Act of 1936: No loans to belligerents. Neutrality Act of 1937: Cash-and-Carry principle – warring nations trading w/the US had to pay cash for their nonmilitary purchases and carry the goods in their own ships. Also, Americans were prohibited from going on ships of the nations. - For a long period in the 1930s, FDR was pretty isolationist, and wanted to focus on problems at home. Nevertheless, he ordered the largest peacetime defense budget ever in 1935, and was privately annoyed at Britain and France for not tackling the problem. - By 1939 FDR asked Congress to repeal the arms embargo and let the cash-and-carry principle work for munitions. The embargo was lifted in November, and FDR continued to gradually push towards more involvement. *The 1930s: Crises in Asia* - Not wanting to be left out of the mess, Asia promptly followed Europe in getting itself screwed up. Unlike 218 Europe, though, we had major interest in Asia – our islands, religious missionaries, trade, and the Open Door in China. - As we became extra friendly w/the Chinese (under Jiang), the Japanese liked us less and less, as they had decided that they (not the US) would control Asia and exploit (I mean, use) other countries’ raw materials. The Japan...
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2014 for the course APUSH AP United taught by Professor Orban during the Fall '10 term at Harrison High School, Harrison.

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