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groups (like the Germans or the Irish), it basically was a
nationwide thing that cut across party, race, and class
- Some isolationists also charged that big business had
self-interestedly promoted war back in WWI, and this led
217 to the Nye Committee Hearings (1934 – 1936), in which
evidence was uncovered that showed corporations had
bribed foreign politicians to buy more arms.
- As a result, many grew suspicious of American
business ties that could endanger neutrality this time
around. This led to a series of new and improved
neutrality acts that hoped to avoid the pitfalls that had
caused involvement in WWI. As follows: Neutrality Act of 1935: Prohibited arms
shipments to either side in a war once the
president had declared the existence of
belligerency. Neutrality Act of 1936: No loans to belligerents. Neutrality Act of 1937: Cash-and-Carry principle
– warring nations trading w/the US had to pay
cash for their nonmilitary purchases and carry the
goods in their own ships. Also, Americans were
prohibited from going on ships of the nations.
- For a long period in the 1930s, FDR was pretty
isolationist, and wanted to focus on problems at home.
Nevertheless, he ordered the largest peacetime defense
budget ever in 1935, and was privately annoyed at
Britain and France for not tackling the problem.
- By 1939 FDR asked Congress to repeal the arms
embargo and let the cash-and-carry principle work for
munitions. The embargo was lifted in November, and
FDR continued to gradually push towards more
*The 1930s: Crises in Asia*
- Not wanting to be left out of the mess, Asia promptly
followed Europe in getting itself screwed up. Unlike
218 Europe, though, we had major interest in Asia – our
islands, religious missionaries, trade, and the Open Door
- As we became extra friendly w/the Chinese (under
Jiang), the Japanese liked us less and less, as they had
decided that they (not the US) would control Asia and
exploit (I mean, use) other countries’ raw materials. The
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2014 for the course APUSH AP United taught by Professor Orban during the Fall '10 term at Harrison High School, Harrison.
- Fall '10