This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.
Unformatted text preview: Federalists [i.e. people who
supported the Constitution and a strong national gov’t].
- Anyway, Congress had several questions about the
structure of the new government to deal with… Revenue – Madison took the here lead by
convincing Congress to pass the Revenue Bill of
1789, which put a 5% tariff on some imports. Bill of Rights – Madison also took the initiative
here and wrote 19 Amendments for the
Constitution, 10 of which were ratified on
December 15, 1791 and became known as the
Bill of Rights. The Bill of Rights helped rally
support for the new gov’t and mitigate AF
opposition. Organization of the executive – in the end,
Congress agreed to keep the departments
established under the AOC [War, Foreign
Affairs/State, Treasury] and just add the attorney
general and postmaster general. They also
decided that only the President could remove
heads of executive departments [since he picked
them w/Congress approval]. Organization of the judiciary – this was taken
care of by the Judiciary Act of 1789, which
defined the jurisdiction of the fed. judiciary and
established a 6 member SC, 13 district courts and
3 courts of appeal. It also allowed appeals from
state to federal courts w/con. issues.
- Only a few important cases concerning the
arrangements passed through the SC in the first 10
years: there was only Ware v. Hylton (1796) where the
SC declared a state law unconstitutional for the first time,
60 Hylton v. US (1796) where the SC review the
constitutionality of an act of Congress for the first time,
and, most importantly, Chisholm v. Georgia (1793) which
established [though overruled by the Eleventh
Amendment] that states could be sued in federal courts
by cit. of other states.
*Domestic Policy under Washington*
- After the gov’t was all set up, Washington was elected
to be the first President. He was cautious, knowing he
was setting precedents for the future [ex. the Cabinet, the
State of the Union Address, no big title for President,
President not using veto power often].
- One of the first things he did was choose the heads of
the executive departments: Alexander Hamilton
(Treasury), Thomas Jefferson (State), Henry Knox
(War), and Edmund Randolph (Attorney). He also
established the Cabinet by using the heads of the
executive departments collectively as the chief advisers.
View Full Document
This note was uploaded on 04/02/2014 for the course APUSH AP United taught by Professor Orban during the Fall '10 term at Harrison High School, Harrison.
- Fall '10