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- As a result, the Democrats had Douglas [North] and
John C. Breckinridge [South] up against the Republican
candidate, Abraham Lincoln. There was also a
Constitutional Union Party, which supported John Bell
- Lincoln ended up winning via the electoral college, but
the losers refused to accept the results for a while as
Lincoln didn’t have a majority in the popular vote [he
wasn’t even on the ballot in 10 slave states].
*Secession and the Start of the War*
- There was one very last attempt at compromise tried in
the winter of 1860/1861 by Senator John J. Crittenden
of Kentucky [Clay wannabe], but it didn’t work out as
Lincoln wouldn’t agree to just split the territories back at
117 the Missouri Compromise line [too late for that]. So that
was that and…
- On December 20, 1860 South Carolina passed a
secession ordinance, hoping that other states would
follow, which they did [Mississippi, Florida, Alabama,
Georgia, Louisiana and Texas all split by February 1861,
when the Confederate States of America was formed in
Alabama]. And so it all began…
The Civil War (1861 – 1865)
*North vs. South: Advantages and Disadvantages*
- The North obviously had several advantages, such as: An industrialized market economy that gave the
government a tremendous amount of resources to
fall back on. A much larger population and more manpower for
the army and navy. Speaking of the navy, the
North had a larger, stronger navy. An already established, relatively powerful and
organized central government led by Lincoln. The support of the liberated/runaway slaves in the
- However… They mainly ended up having to invade “foreign”
territory. They had really crappy generals (especially
initially) like McClellan, Burnside, etc. To win, they had to invade and conquer the South
(fighting an offensive war) – harder.
- The South had some advantages, too:
118 Fighting on home soil (most of the time) for their
independence and way of life. They had some really good generals lik...
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2014 for the course APUSH AP United taught by Professor Orban during the Fall '10 term at Harrison High School, Harrison.
- Fall '10