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Unformatted text preview: t. The Senate, however, rejected it – Northerners
and Whigs didn’t like the idea. OREGON (Northerners) – Oregon had been split
between the US and Britain since the Convention
of 1818, but when “Oregon Fever” broke loose in
1841 fervid expansionists began demanding the
entire area for the US [“Fifty-four forty or fight”].
- Naturally, expansion into Oregon and the rejection of
Texas worried Southern leaders, who responded by
convincing the 1844 Democratic convention to use a new
rule – if candidate not chose by 2/3 of convention he’s
out. This blocked Van Buren as the nominee and led to
106 the selection of James K. Polk [hard money Jacksonian,
- So in the Presidential Election of 1844 Polk ran
against Henry Clay [Whigs] and James Birney [Liberty
Party, took votes from Clay] and beat them both.
- Right before leaving office, though, Tyler got Texas
admitted into the Union [December 1845] through a joint
resolution of Congress [requires only simple majority
while treaty needs 2/3].
The Road to Civil War (1845 – 1861)
*The Mexican War*
- In the 1844 election, expansionist Polk [Democratic]
was elected. Polk quickly set about accomplishing his
territorial goals – starting by provoking a war w/Mexico
(right before his inauguration the US had annexed
Texas) by urging the Texans to seize all the land to the
- When Mexico argued about the border, Polk sent troops
under General Zachary Taylor [“Old Rough and Ready”]
to Rio Grande in 1846. Since he really wanted CA, he
tried to buy it as a last resort. When that fell through, he
simply waited for war to erupt.
- On April 24, 1846 Mexican cavalry finally responded to
the US invasion and the war began [it was voted for by
Congress on May 13]. This excited people, and there
were many volunteers due to a craving for adventure,
racist tendencies, and general expansionist dreams [still,
some abolitionists were mad, and even Calhoun got
worried that the war could lead to problems down the
107 - The war in short: Colonel Stephen Kearny invaded
New Mexico and CA [where he was help...
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2014 for the course APUSH AP United taught by Professor Orban during the Fall '10 term at Harrison High School, Harrison.
- Fall '10