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Unformatted text preview: factory workers) had no role in gov’t, (3) it did not really
hurt France b/c there was already was British blockade
on Europe. Its only positive effect was that it encouraged
- Then *perfect timing* came the Presidential Election of
1808. James Madison ran for the DRs (though his
nomination was contested in the party’s congressional
caucus by James Monroe) and Pinckney and King once
again ran for the Federalists. This time the Federalists
had more of a chance [Embargo Act], and actually
gained some seats in Congress.
- Madison replaced the embargo with the NonIntercourse Act of 1809, which reopened trade w/all
except for Britain and France and promised if either
country stopped violating US rights they would open
trade w/them again. This fixed the EA problems but not
the original ones.
- In 1810 the NIA was replaced by Macon’s Bill #2,
which reopened trade with all countries and promised
that if either Br./Fr. Stopped violating US rights the US
would stop trading w/the other nation. Napoleon said
sure, Madison complied, but the French didn’t stop. This
foreign policy stuff sure isn’t easy, Mr. Madison.
75 *The War of 1812*
- Even though the US military situation certainly left
something to be desired, by 1812, war seemed almost
inevitable due to constant violation of US rights in the
- Anyhow, first there was the Presidential Election of
1812, which was somewhat of a referendum on the
whole war thing. Madison was reelected.
- Then, while the DR “War Hawks” elected in 1810
pressed for war, Britain made last ditch efforts to fix the
situation in spring 1812 [ships told to stop clashing w/US,
seas reopened to US shipping] but it was too late.
- Congress soon voted over war, w/the land-hungry
Southerners and Westerners [“War Hawks”] in favor and
the commerce-dependent New Englanders against. The
WH won out, and on June 19 Madison signed the bill
and the war began.
- Not surprisingly, the US was totally unprepared: The DRs debt red...
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- Fall '10