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Unformatted text preview: lists still faced one decision: should they semijoin one of the major party factions, or should they stay
totally independent (and not win as many votes)?
Republicans were obviously out of the question, as they
supported big-business and the gold standard, but union
w/the Democrats didn’t seem that bad.
- Anyhow, the Republicans went ahead and nominated
William McKinley [at the suggestion of Marcus Hanna,
an Ohio industrialist] w/o any problems; their only crisis
was that, in response to their gold policies, a small group
of silver Republicans walked out.
- The Democrats, on the other hand, became obsessed
w/silver and nominated big orator guy William Jennings
Byran, who wrote the famous convention pro-silver
speech [of course, some gold Democrats had to go and
walk out, but who cares about them].
- As a result, the Populists decided to go w/Bryan and the
Democrats, only w/a different VP nominee. So, the
campaign began. Bryan went on an all out speaking tour
full of emotion, evangelicalism, and all that. McKinley sat
at home on his butt and waited for the press to come to
him so he could tell them about the new jobs he’d make
w/his protective tariffs.
- What happened? McKinley killed Bryan, partially b/c the
urban-rural coalition the Populists wanted hadn’t
happened b/c of their silver obsession [took away from 159 other reforms, and urban workers thought it would lower
the value of their wages].
- Naturally, McKinley signed the Gold Standard Act
(1900), which required that all paper money had to be
backed by gold; he also raised tariffs and encouraged
imperialism. The economy improved, but mainly b/c of
the gold discoveries in Alaska, not b/c of McKinley.
Nobody cared though, so they elected him again.
The Progressive Era (1895 – 1920)
*Progressivism: An Overview*
- In 1912, a new party emerged on the political scene,
calling themselves the Progressives. The formation of
the party was actually the culmination of a series of
reform movements that began in the 1890s.
- Some general CAUSES of Progressivism: The 1890s – Yes, the 1890s were a cause of
Progressivism, mainly b/c they sucked. In the
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2014 for the course APUSH AP United taught by Professor Orban during the Fall '10 term at Harrison High School, Harrison.
- Fall '10