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Unformatted text preview: bosses stayed just b/c
of their superior organization.
- When it came to labor regulation, however, legislation
was much more effective b/c both reformers and bosses
supported it. States passed laws protecting public health
and safety (police), supporting factory inspection,
requiring accident compensation, and banning child
- Then there was the moral angle, which was far more
controversial…some of the major issues included
drinking habits [Anti-Saloon League (1893)], which
resulted in the Eighteenth Amendment outlawing the
sale of liquor, and prostitution – “white slavery” – a threat
that was really more imagined than real, but still
managed to get a whole lot of attention and the passage
of the Mann Act (1910), which prohibited transportation
of a woman for immoral purposes.
- Overall, the reformers’ efforts reflect their ideology that
environment, not human nature, creates sin…i.e. that
humans can achieve perfection in the right setting.
*New Philosophies in the Progressive Era* 163 - Changes in society prompted a multitude of new ideas
during the Progressive Era, including: Education – For the first time, educators were
faced w/masses of children going to school full
time [b/c of the growth of cities]. In response,
philosopher John Dewey [The School and
Society (1899), Democracy and Education (1916)]
decided that personal development should be the
focus of education, and that all teaching had to
relate directly to experience, so that kids “discover
knowledge for themselves.” Yeah, now we know
who to blame for all the stupid stuff we did in
elementary school! But this ended up in colleges
too, which soon began to expand their
curriculums – still, women/blacks were mostly left
out of educational opportunities. Law – A new legal philosophy, led by Roscoe
Pound, held that social reality should influence
legal thinking – i.e. the law should reflect society’s
needs and work from experience [gathering
scientific data], not be this abstract, inflexible
thing. Of course, this methodology met opposition
in the old laissez-faire judges, who struck down
public safety regulations in cases like Lochner v.
NY (1905). But some were also upheld – ex.
Holden v. Hardy (1898). Another bi...
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2014 for the course APUSH AP United taught by Professor Orban during the Fall '10 term at Harrison High School, Harrison.
- Fall '10